Bambara is a Mande language with about 3 million speakers in Mali, Burkina
Faso and Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Ghana.
It is spoken principally among the Bambara ethnic group in Mali, where it is the
national language and the most widely understood one.
Writing was introduced to the Bambara during the French occupation (1880-1960)
and Bambara is usually written with the Latin alphabet, though the N'Ko
and Arabic alphabets are also used to some extent. In addition,
there is a rich oral literature, consisting largely of tales of kings and heroes.
Bambara alphabet and pronunciation
kh is only used in loanwords from other African languages
n nasalises vowels when it comes after them
sh is a regional variant of s
Hadamaden bɛɛ danmakɛɲɛnen bɛ bange, danbe ni
josira la. Hakili ni taasi b'u bɛɛ la, wa u ka kan ka badenɲasira
de waleya u ni ɲɔgɔn cɛ.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)