Macedonian is a South Slavic language spoken by about three million
people. There are some two million speakers in the Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM),
and perhaps another million or so in other countries, especially
in Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, the USA, Australia and Canada.
Macedonian is recognised as a minority language in Albania, Romania
and Serbia, and is taught at university in a number of countries,
including Australia, Canada, Croatia, Italy, Russia, Serbia, the USA
and the UK.
Macedonian has a high degree of mutual intelligibility with
Bulgarian, and to a lesser extent with Serbian.
The varieties of southern Slavic spoken in what is now the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) (Поранешна
(ПЈРМ)) were codified as Macedonian in 1940
and became the official language of Socialist Republic of Macedonia
A modern standard written version of Macedonian appeared in 1945.
Since then many literary works have been published in Macedonian. Literary
Macedonian is based on the dialects of the West Central region (Prilep,
Kičevo, Bitola, Kruševo and Lerin).
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
is the name recognised by international organisations, Greece and a number of
other countries. The constitutional name of the country
(Republic of Macedonia) is recognised by over 100 countries. Some countries
use both names in different circumstances.
The constitution of the FYROM names the national language as "Macedonian"
and this name is also used by international bodies, such as the United Nations
and the World Health Organisation, and in the field of Slavic Studies. Other
names are also used to disambiguate the language from Ancient Macedonian,
a dialect of Greek, or a language closely-related to, or influenced by Greek
that was spoken in what is now northern Greece until about the 4th century BC.
In Greece the modern Slavic language is known as Macedonian Slav(ic),
Slavic Macedonian, Macedonian (Slavonic) or Slavomacedonian (славомакедонски / Σλαβομακεδονικά)
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