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Oromo (Afaan Oromo / Oromiffa / ኦሮምኛ)

Oromo is a Cushitic language spoken by about 30 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Egypt and is the 3rd largest language in Africa. The Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and account for more than 40% of the population. They can be found all over Ethiopia and particularly in Wollega, Shoa, Illubabour, Jimma, Arsi, Bale, Hararghe, Wollo, Borana, and the southwestern part of Gojjam.

Until the 1970s Oromo was written with either the Ge'ez script or the Latin alphabet Then during the early 1970s the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) chose the Latin alphabet as the official alphabet to write Oromo. Between 1974 and 1991 under the Mengistu regime the writing of Oromo in any script was forbidden, though limited usage of the Ge'ez script was allowed.

On 3rd November 1991 the OLF convened a meeting of over 1,000 Oromo intellectuals to decide which alphabet to use to write Ormo. After a many hours of debate, they decided unanimously to adopt the Latin alphabet.


Oromo alphabet (Qube Afaan Oromo)

Afaan Oromo alphabet

Sample text in Oromo

Namooti hundinuu birmaduu ta'anii mirgaa fi ulfinaanis wal-qixxee ta'anii dhalatan. Sammuu fi qalbii ittiin yaadan waan uumamaan kennameef, hafuura obbolummaatiin walii-wajjin jiraachuu qabu.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

books   Parlons oromo (Oromo course in French)


Information about the Afaan Oromo language and alphabet

Online Oromo lessons

Oromo dictionaries

Online Oromo radio

Oromo names

Cushitic languages

Afaan-Oromo, Afar, Awngi, Beja, Blin, Somali, Xamtanga

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet