Xhosa (isiXhosa)

Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa and is a member of the Bantu/Nguni family of languages. It is spoken by about 7.9 million people mainly in Eastern Cape Province, Orange Free State, Ciskei and Transkei in South Africa, and also spoken in Botswana and Lesotho. Xhosa is closely related to Zulu, Swati and Ndebele and more or less mutually intelligible with them.

Xhosa's click consonants were most likely borrowed from the Khoisan languages as a result of long and extensive interaction between the Xhosa and Khoisan peoples.

A system for writing Xhosa using the Latin alphabet was devised by Christian missionaries during the early 19th century. The first printed work in Xhosa was a grammar book that was published in 1834.

Xhosa pronunciation

Xhosa pronunciation

Sample text in Xhosa

Bonke abantu bazalwa bekhululekile belingana ngesidima nangokweemfanelo. Bonke abantu banesiphiwo sesazela nesizathu sokwenza isenzo ongathanda ukuba senziwe kumzalwane wakho.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Xhosa | Useful phrases in Xhosa | Xhosa learning materials

Links

Information about the Xhosa language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xhosa_language
http://www.lmp.ucla.edu/Profile.aspx?LangID=21&menu=004

Online Xhosa lessons
http://www.unisa.ac.za/free_online_course/
http://www.youtube.com/user/XhosaKhaya

Online Xhosa dictionaries
http://www.freelang.net/dictionary/xhosa.php
http://glosbe.com/en/xh/
http://www.gononda.com/xhosa/

Xhosa phrases
http://www.salanguages.com/isixhosa/xhowrd.htm
http://www.southafricalogue.com/travel-tips/south-african-phrases-xhosa.html

Bantu languages

Bemba, Chichewa, Duala, Ewondo, Ganda/Luganda, Herero, Kikuyu, Kinyarwanda, Kirundi, Lingala, Loma, Lozi, Mandekan, Mende, Northern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, OshiWambo, Ronga, Shona, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swahili, Swati, Tofa, Tshiluba, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


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