Cocopah (Kwikapa)

Cocopah is spoken in Baja California and Sonora in Mexico, and in nearby parts of Arizona in the USA. In belongs to the Delta-Californian branch of the Yuman language family. According to the 2015 census, there are about 370 speakers in the USA, and there are about 145 in Mexico. In Mexico the language is known as Cucapá.

Cocopah was first written during the 1970s, when an alphabet was developed for it by a scholar for a university dissertation. This alphabet was not ideal and a new one was developed by the Cocopah people in Arizona in the 2000s. In Mexico an orthography developed by the Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas (National Indigenous Languages Institute) is used.

The Cocopah Museum, on the West Cocopah Reservation in Somerton, Arizona, has offered language classes to children since 1998.

Cocopah alphabet and pronunciation

Cocopah alphabet and pronunciation

Download a PDF of the Cocopah alphabet (in German)

Details of Cocopah pronunciation provided by Wolfram Siegel


Information about the Cocopah language and people

Yuman languages

Cocopah, Ipai, Kiliwa, Kumeyaay, Maricopa, Mojave, Paipai, Quechan, Tiipai

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 23.04.21


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