Mikasuki is an Eastern Muskogean language spoken in southern Florida on the Big Cypress, Immokalee, Hollywood, and Tampa Seminole reservations. In 2010 Mikasuki was spoken by about 400 members of the Miccosukee Tribe, and also by many members of the Seminole Tribe. There are some 35 monolingual speakers of Mikasuki

The language is also known as Muskogee, Miccosukee, Hitchiti, Miccosukee or Mikasuki Seminole. Mikasuki is spoken by in ceremonies, in churches, and in some schools. It can also be studied at the University of Florida.

The Miccosukee and Seminole people were originally part of the Creek Confederacy, and had to migrate to Florida in the late 18th / early 19th century due to their lands being taken over by European-Americans. During the 19th century, the Seminole were forced to move to Oklahoma after the Seminole wars. The two tribes separated during the 20th century, and the Miccosukee were officially recognised at a federal level in 1962.

Mikasuki alphabet

Mikasuki alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Mikasuki (Excel)

Sample text

Enchewaatke Feshahkeek-omehchot yaal-yakne chokoolekan hashoote eshtoklan ommomektawa. Okon motoshchahchon yaamek yakne laapkon apooyoolektawa. Maamehen, Feshahkeek-omehchot onkakat, "Hayatlehchot eełétesh", enkakan, hayatlehchokaaye eełomektawa.


In the beginning God created heaven and earth. The earth was formless and empty, and darkness covered the deep water. The spirit of God was hovering over the water. Then God said, "Let there be light!" So there was light.

Source: http://www.language-museum.com/encyclopedia/m/mikasuki.php

Sample videos

Information about Mikasuki | Numbers


Information about the Mikasuki language

English and Muskokee dictionary

Muskogean languages

Alabama, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Koasati, Mikasuki, Muscogee (Creek-Seminole)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 10.06.24


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