Avestan for English
Avestan for English is an alternative way to write English with the Avestan script invented by David Bailey. He devised the system after noting the similarities between the Avestan language and English, particularly the rich consonant and vowel inventory, which lends itself well to representing the many varieties of spoken English.
- Type of writing system: phonemic alphabet
- Direction of writing: right to left in horizontal lines
- Used to write: most varieties of English, including General American, Received Pronunciation, Australian English, Canadian English
- Some letters have variant forms and there is a large inventory of ligatures
Avestan for English
- Many vowels of the Avestan language do not exactly mirror those of English, especially when taking multiple dialects into account. Therefore, a few tweaks were necessary to better accommodate the sounds of English. Generally speaking, Avestan's short-length vowels ([a, ɑ, ə, e, i, u]) were used to represent English short vowels (/æ, ɒ, ə, ɛ, ɪ, ʊ/, respectively), while Avestan's long vowels ([aː, ɑː, eː, oː, iː, uː]) represent English long vowels (/äː, ɑː, eɪ, oː, iː, uː/, respectively). The exceptions to this are Avestan vowels [əː, o] used for English /ʌ, ɔː/.
- The consonants /n, m, l/ can be used to represent word-final syllabic /ən~n̩, əm~m̩, əl~l̩/
- Aside from representing the English rhotic consonant, Avestan letter r is also used to form rhotic vowel diphthongs (e.g., /ɚ/, /ɑ˞/, /ɔ˞/)
- Regarding the special letters: the letters for /æn~ɑn/ and /ən~ʌn/ are taken from Avestan nasal vowels an and aen; the letter representing /in~im/ is taken from Avestan letter ṇ, originally a prenasal consonant. The special letters are optional and can be used to represent English nasal prefixes (an-, on-, in-, etc.)
- The full stop sign is partly an invention for English use; in Avestan it represented paragraph demarcation
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Avestan
The font used in the charts above is Avestan2 © Ian James, which can be purchased for A$5.00
The Google Noto project has a freeware Unicode Avestan font
Constructed scripts for: Ainu |
Chinese languages |
Other natural languages |
Colour-based scripts |
Phonetic/universal scripts |
Constructed scripts for constructed languages |
Adaptations of existing alphabets |
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Magical alphabets |
A-Z index |
How to submit a constructed script
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