Greco-Hispano (Γρεκο-Ἱσπανο)

The Greco-Hispano alphabet was created by Ángel Alexis Ayala Jiménez to write modern Spanish, Ladino, and medieval Spanish. As a native speaker of Spanish interested in dialectology and language change, Ángel began to research Ladino, the language of the Sephardim (the Jews expelled from Spain in 1492). Ladino was traditionally written in Hebrew script (usually Rashi and Solitreo) and is currently mostly written using various adaptations of the Latin script. Given the historically significant Sephardic population in Greece in cities such as Thessaloniki, Ángel became interested in adapting the Greek alphabet to Ladino and subsequently medieval and modern Spanish.

Notable features

Greco-Hispano alphabet for Spanish

Greco-Hispano alphabet for Spanish

* 'θετα' when reciting alphabet; 'θε' in daily speech to distinguish from 'ζετα'
** in word-final position
*** as in words from foreign or indigenous languages, not Rioplatense pronunciation of /ʝ/



Greco-Hispano alphabet for Ladino and Medieval Spanish

Latin script equivalents based on medieval Spanish orthography, not modern romanizations for Ladino (such as Aki Yerushalayim). Letter pronunciations exclusive to medieval Spanish are in parentheses after Ladino pronunciations.

Greco-Hispano alphabet for Ladino and Medieval Spanish

* in word-final position
** only applicable to Ladino



Download alphabet charts for Greco-Hispano (Excel)

Sample text in Spanish (Greco-Hispano alphabet)

Τοδος λος σερες ὑμανος ναθεν λιβρες ε ιγυαλες εν διγνιδαδ η δερεκ̌ος η, δοταδος κομο εστάν δε ραζόν η κονθιενθια, δεβεν κομπορταρσε φρατερναλμεντε λος υνος κον λος οτρος.
(Αρτίκυλο 1 δε λα Δεκλαραθιόν Υνιωερσαλ δε Δερεκ̌ος Ὑμανος)

Transliteration (Latin alphabet)

Todos los seres humanos nacen libres e iguales en dignidad y derechos y, dotados como están de razón y conciencia, deben comportarse fraternalmente los unos con los otros.
(Artículo 1 de la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos)


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample text in Ladino (Greco-Hispano alphabet)

Ελ γ̌υδεο-εσπαν̌ολ, γ̌ιδιό, γ̌υδεσμο ο λαδινο ες λα λινγυα ἁωλαδα πορ λος σεφαρδιμ, γ̌υδίος αρρονζ̌αδος δε λα Εσπαν̌α εν ελ 1492. Ες υνα λινγυα δεριωαδα δελ καστιλιανο η ἁωλαδα πορ 150 000 περσονας εν κομυνιτάς εν Ισραελ, λα Τυρκιηα, αντικα Ηυγοσλαωια, λα Γρεθια, ελ Μαρροκο, Εσπαν̌α η λας Αμέρικας, εντρε μυνκ̌ος οτρος.

Sample text in Ladino (Latin alphabet, medieval-based spelling)

El djudeo-español, djidió, djudesmo o ladino es la lingua havlada por los sefardim, djudíos arronjados de la España en el 1492. Es una lingua derivada del castiliano y havlada por 150 000 personas en comunitás en Israel, la Turquiya, antica Yugoslavia, la Grecia, el Marroco, España y las Américas, entre munchos otros.


Judeo-Spanish, djidio, djudezmo, or Ladino is the language spoken by Sephardi Jews expelled from Spain in 1492. It is a language derived from Spanish and spoken by 150,000 people in communities in Israel, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, Greece, Morocco, Spain, and the Americas, among many others.

Sample Ladino text adapted from samples in following Wikipedia pages:

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