Dhao is a member of the Sumba-Flores branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. It is spoken in Ndao Island in the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia by about 5,000 people. It is classified as a member of the Sumba branch of Malayo-Polynesian languages, but may be a Papuan language. It is also known as Ndao, Ndaonese or Ndaundau.

Dhao alphabet and pronunciation

Dhao alphabet and pronunciation


A double vowel at the beginning of a word is pronounced [ʁ], e.g. ana iiki [ʔana ʁiki] (small child).

f, q, v, w, x, y and z are only used in loanwords and foreign names.

Sample text (The Lord's Prayer)

Ama ètu sorga! Kolongara Ama dhu mola-mèci. Hudꞌi laa dhèu aaꞌi-aaꞌi, dedꞌe padedha-dedha kolongara Ama dhu kapai èèna. Hudꞌi laa Ama jꞌajꞌi Dhèu Aae mi dhèu aaꞌi-aaꞌi! Hudꞌi laa dhèu aaꞌi-aaꞌi, tao madhutu paredha Ama ètu rai-haha ne, nuka sèmi ana pajuu Ama, tao madhutu paredha Ama ètu sorga. Ama, hia la jiꞌi ngangaꞌa-nganginu dhu dꞌai bèli-bèli. Jiꞌi manèngi, ho Ama saku eele aaꞌi sasala-sasigo jiꞌi, nuka sèmi jiꞌi kahèi pabhèlu eele sasala dhèu dhu ra tao mi jiꞌi. Ama, jꞌaga la jiꞌi, sèna ka jiꞌi baku tao bhabhelu. Aa pakajꞌèu la jiꞌi nèti koasa nidhu. Te Ama ka Dhèu Aae dhu koasa kapai risi eele. Aa Ama ka dhu mèdꞌu paredha, toke dꞌai mia-mia laꞌe. Sabajꞌa jiꞌi dꞌai sange neꞌe ka, Ama. Amin.

Source: https://www.bible.com/es-ES/bible/1402/mat.6

Details of Dhao pronunciation and sample text provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample videos in Dhao

Information about Dhao | Numbers | Tower of Babel


Information about Dhao

Sumba-Flores languages

Dhao, Ende, Hawu, Kambera, Kéo, Lio, Manggarainese, Ngadha, Palu’e

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 06.06.23


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