Manggarainese (tombo Manggarai)

Manggarainese is a member of the Sumba-Flores branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. It is spoken in the western part of Flores island in East Nusa Tenggara Province of Indonesia. In 2009 there were 730,000 speakers of Manggarainese, according to the Central Agency on Statistics of East Nusa Tenggara Province. There are also some Manggarainese speakers in the village of Manggarai in Jakarta.

Manggarainese is also known as Manggarai or tombo Manggarai. It is written with the Latin alphabet.

Manggarainese alphabet and pronunciation

Manggarainese alphabet and pronunciation

F, q, v, x and z are only used in loanwords and foreign names.

Download an Manggarainese alphabet chart (Excel)

Sample text (The Lord's Prayer - Mattew 6: 9-13)

  1. Itu tara ngaji nenggo’o: Ema dami éta Surga, Nggeluk koé ngasang Dité,
  2. Cai koé perénta Dité, Jari koé ngoéng Dité Oné lino ného éta Surga.
  3. Téing koé ami leso ho’o, Mosé nai te ami ata daingn
  4. Agu ampong koé ndékok dami, ného ami ampong ata pandé sala agu ami;
  5. néka dadé ami nggeroné damang, Maik tadang koé sanggéd da’at. [Ai Ité Morin perénta agu kuasa agu bong dengkir lén. Amén.]


A recording of this text by Frantjis Leho, recorded by Moshe Ash


  1. After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
  2. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
  3. Give us this day our daily bread.
  4. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
  5. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.


Some information provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample video in Manggarainese

Information about Manggarainese | Numbers in Manggarainese


Information about Manggarainese

Sumba-Flores languages

Dhao, Ende, Hawu, Kambera, Kéo, Lio, Manggarainese, Ngadha, Palu’e

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 01.05.24


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