Ikpeng is a Cariban language spoken in western Brazil, mainly in the Xingu Indigenous National Park in the State of Mato Grosso. In 2013 there were about 500 speakers of Ikpeng, which is also known as Chicao, Tonore, Tunuli, Txicão, Txikân and Txikão.
Ikpeng was first documented in 1964 by the ethnologist, Eduardo Galvão. More detailed studies of the language have been undertaken since the 1990s, and a grammar of the language, as well as other articles on it, have been published. Recordings have also been made of Ikpeng songs, stories, speeches and conversations.
A way to write Ikpeng with the Latin alphabet was developed in 1994 by Ikpeng teachers with help from linguists. A school was set up at which Ikpeng children learn Ikpeng and Portguese, and this school also publishes learning materials for other Ikpeng communities.
Information about the Ikpeng language
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