Uduk (ʼTwāmpā)

Uduk is a member of the Koman branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family. It is spoken in Sudan and South Sudan by about 22,000 people. In Sudan it is spoken in the Kurmuk district of Blue Nile state in the southeast of the country. In South Sudan it is spoken in Mabaab county in Upper Nile State in the northwest of the country. Due to civil wars in Sudan, many Uduk people fled to refugee camps in Ethiopia and South Sudan.

The Koman languages are believed by some linguists to be part of the Nilo-Saharan language family, however there is little evidence for this.

Uduk is also known as Kebeirka, Korara, Kumus, Kwanim Pa or Othan. The native name of the language, ʼTwāmpā, means 'mouth of the home'. There are three dialect of Uduk: two northern dialect, Chali and Bellila, and one southern dialect, Yabus. The main differences between the dialects are in pronunciation and grammar.

Uduk was first written in the 1950s, and a standard way of writing it was developed by missionaries. It is currently used in some schools.

Uduk alphabet and pronunciation

Uduk alphabet and pronunciation


Uduk has two tones: a high tone, which is indicated with an acute accent (á), and a low tone.

Download an Uduk alphabet chart (Excel)

Sample text

Aris ꞌkwaninyꞌceshi ꞌbaar mo dhoꞌthkunu ꞌbaḵany mo dhali mmomiiya ṯuꞌc imonṯal ꞌde/ mo dhali mii ma ḵar/e mo. Uni mini ta gi gwo mo dhali mii mo dhali uni mini mii ka karambuye/ ꞌkup̱ ki cin tiya mo e shi/in mo dhali mii kun tanu ikam mo.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Uduk


Information about Uduk

Nilo-Saharan languages

Acholi, Alur, Aringa, Ateso, Avokaya, Baka, Bari, Beli, Bongo, Daza, Dholuo, Dinka, Dongotono, Fur, Gumuz, Jur Modo, Kanuri, Karamojong, Keliko, Komo, Lango, Lotuko, Lokoya, Lopit, Lugbara, Maasai, Ma'di, Mandari, Morokodo, Moru, Narim, Nuer, Nobiin, Old Nubian, Olu'bo, Shilluk, Toposa, Turkana, Uduk, Wa'di, Zaghawa, Zarma

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 03.10.23


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