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Dzongkha   Dzongkha (རྫོང་ཁ)

Dzongkha or Bhutanese is spoken by about 130,000 people in Bhutan, where it is the national language, and also in Nepal and India. It is a South Tibetic language closely related to Sikkimese, and to a number of other languages spoken in Bhutan, such as Chocangaca, Brokpa, Brokkat and Lakha.

Dzongkha is written with the Tibetan alphabet, which was introduced by Thonmi Sambhota, however the main written language in Bhutan is Classical Tibetan, which differs as much from Dzongkha as French from Latin. There is also official way of writing Dzongkha with the Latin alphabet known as Roman Dzongkha.

Dzongkha alphabet


Dzongkha consonants

Vowel diacritics

Dzongkha vowels

Conjunct consonants

This is a small selection of conjunct consonants, which are used when two consonants occur without a vowel between them.

Dzongkha conjunct consonants

Sample text in Dzongkha

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Dzongkha


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)


Information about the Dzongkha language and culture (PDF)

Learn Dzongkha

Romanization of Dzongkha

Center for Bhutan Studies (in English and Dzongkha)

Tibeto-Burman languages

Burmese, Dzongkha, Garo, Karbi, Kayah Li, Karen, Ladakhi, Lepcha, Limbu, Lisu, Manipuri, Marma, Mizo, Mro, Naxi, Nepal Bhasa / Newari, Sunuwar, Tangut, Tibetan, Tshangla, Tujia, Yi

Languages written with the Tibetan alphabet

Dzongkha (Bhutanese), Ladakhi, Sikkimese, Tibetan, Tshangla