Words for colours in Swedish (svenska), their meanings and related expressions.
Each colour term has several different forms. For example, vit is used with common gender words, vitt is used with neuter words, and vita is used with plural words. So you might have en vit bil (a white car), ett vitt hus (a white house) and vita hundar (white dogs).
General colour-related words:
svart [svaʈ] - black, dark, sable, without permission, illegally
Etymology: from the Old Norse svartr (black), from the Proto-Germanic *swartaz (black), from Proto-Indo-European *swordo- (dirty, dark, black).
vit [viːt] - white
Etymology: from the Old Norse hvítr (white), from the Proto-Germanic *hwītaz (white), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱweytós (bright, white).
röd [røːd] - red
Etymology: from the Old Norse rauðr (red), from the Proto-Germanic *raudaz (red), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red).
gul [gʉːl] - yellow
Etymology: from the Old Norse gulr (yellow), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (to flourish, green, yellow).
blå [bloː] - blue
Etymology: from the Old Norse blár (blue), from the Proto-Germanic *blēwaz (blue). from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₁-. (blue, dark blue, grey, black).
grön [grøːn] - green, jade, verdant
Etymology: from the Old Norse grœnn (green, fresh), from the Proto-Germanic *grōniz (green). from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁-. (to grow, become green).
brun [brʉːn] - brown
Etymology: from the Old Norse brúnn (brown, bright [metal]), from the Proto-Germanic *brūnaz (grey, brown). from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH- (grey, brown).
rosa [roːsa] - pink, rosy, rose-coloured
orange [oranʃ / oranʒ] - orange, orange-coloured
brandgul = orange
grå [groː] - grey, deal, dismal, drab, dull, gloomy, leaden, mousy, sullen
Etymology: from the Old Norse grár (grey), from the Proto-Germanic *grēwaz (grey). from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰreh₁- (to grow, become green).
lila [liːla] = purple; purper = purple
Etymology (lila): from the French lilas (lilac).
Corrections by / Rättelser av Mattias Persson
Hear some Swedish words for colours:
Information about colours in Swedish
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