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Colours in many languages

This section contains the colour words that have been indentified in various studies as the most common across most languages, although the actual colours represented by each of the colour words are not nescessarily exactly the same. For example, in Greek and Russian there are two words for blue corresponding to light blue and dark blue, and these colours are considered and perceived as separate. In other languages there are overlaps between blue, green and grey, or red, orange and brown.

Colour words in individual languages

Afroasiatic languages

Semitic languages

Austroasiatic languages


Austronesian languages

Malayo-Polynesian languages
Filipino / Tagalog, Tuvaluan

Dravidian languages


Indo-European languages

Celtic languages
Breton, Cornish, Irish, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh
Germanic languages
Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Indo-Iranian languages
Romance languages
French, Italian, Lombard, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian
Slavic languages
Czech, Russian

Japonic languages

Koreanic languages

Muskogean languages

Niger-Congo languages

Bantu languages


Lists of colours

Research on colour words

The colour of words

Colour idioms in different language

French colours

Japanese colours

Multilingual pages

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If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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