Family words in Proto-Indo-European

Words for family members and other relatives in Proto-Indo-European, the reconstructed ancestor of many of the languages spoken in Europe, and parts of western and southern Asia.

English Proto-Indo-European
family gentis / wenjā
parent gentṓr / gentrīks
mother méh₂tēr / ammā
father ph₂tḗr / átta
child pūpos / putlom
son suh₁nús / suh₃nús
daughter dʰugh₂tḗr
husband pótis (husband, master, ruler)
wiHrós (man, husband, warrior, hero)
wife sṃloghós / uksōr
brother bʰréh₂tēr
sister swésōr
uncle h₂éwh₂os / áwontlos / p∂trujós
aunt ámetā / mātérterā
cousin jentēr
nephew (h₂)népōts (possibly)
niece néptih₂
grandfather h₂éwh₂os / awos / dhēdhjos
grandmother anus / áwijā
grandson (h₂)népōts
granddaughter néptih₂
father-in-law swéḱuros
mother-in-law sweḱrúh₂
brother-in-law dayh₂wḗr
sister-in-law ǵh₂lōws
co-sister-in-law h₁yenh₂tēr
son-in-law gemros
daugher-in-law snusós


Information about Proto-Indo-European | Numbers | Family words

Family words in other languages

Green Web Hosting - Kualo

Why not share this page:


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

Learn a nuevo language while you browse with toucan

Note: all links on this site to, and are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.