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Apache

Apache is an Athabaskan (Na-Dené) language spoken by about 15,000 in Arizona and New Mexico. There are in fact two Apache languages: Western Apache and Eastern Apache, each of which has a number of dialects, including Jicarilla, Lipan, Kiowa-Apache, Chiricahua, and Mescalero. The Apache and Navajo languages are closely related.

The name Apache probably comes from the Yuma word for "fighting-men" and/or from apachu, which means "enemy" in Zuni. This was what the Zuni called the Navajo, who in turn were called Apaches de Nabaju by the early Spanish explorers in New Mexico. They call themselves N'de, Inde or Tinde, which all mean "the people".

Western Apache alphabet and pronunciation

Western Apache (Ndee biyáti' / Nnee biyáti') is spoken in east central Arizona on the San Carlos and Ft. Apache reservations by about 14,000 people (in 2007).

Apache alphabet and pronunciation

An accent acute (á) marks a high tone. The low tone is not marked.

Hear the Western Apache alphabet

Download an alphabet chart for Apache (Excel)

Sample text in Apache

'Iłk'idáͅ, koͅoͅ yá'édiͅná'a.
'Ákoo Tł'ízhe hooghéí dá'áíná bikoͅ' 'ólíná'a.
'Ákoo Tł'ízheí gotál yiis'áͅná'a.
'Ákoo Mai'áee híłghoná'a.
Gotál jiis'áͅí 'áee, Mai tsíbaͅaͅee naaná'azhishná'a.
'Ákoo bitseeí tsínáiłgoná'a.

Translation

Long ago, there was no fire.
Then only those who are called Flies had fire.
Then the Flies held a ceremony.
And Coyote came there.
At that place where they held the ceremony,
Coyote danced around and around at the edge of the fire.
And he continually poked his tail in the fire.

From: Coyote Obtains Fire, by Lawrence Mithlo
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/apache/frames/A-Ech10.html

Links

Information about the Apache language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Apache_language
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_occidental
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/apw
http://www.native-languages.org/apache.htm
http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/apache.html
http://www.greatdreams.com/apache/apache-index.htm

English to Apache Speaking Dictionary
http://www.wusd.k12.az.us/Links/Staff/BGood/Apachedictionary/Apachedict.html

Online Apache Texts
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/apache/
http://apache-texts.co.nr

White Mountain Apache Tride
http://www.wmat.nsn.us

Jicarilla Apache Nation
http://www.jicarillaonline.com

Yavapai-Apache Nation
http://www.yavapai-apache.org

Na-Dené languages

Ahtna, Apache, Babine-Witsuwit'en, Chilcotin, Chipewyan, Deg Xinag, Dena’ina, Dane-zaa (Beaver), Eyak, Gwich'in, Hän, Hupa, Jicarilla, Kaska, Koyukon, Lower Tanana, Mescalero-Chiricahua, Navajo, North Slavey, Sekani, South Slavey, Tahltan, Tanacross, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Tolowa, Tsuut'ina (Sarcee), Tutchone, Upper Kuskokwim, Upper Tanana

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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