Hani (Haqniqdoq)

Hani is a member of the Lolish branch of the Tibetan-Burman language family. It is spoken in Yunnan province in southern China, in Lai Châu and Lào Cai provinces in northwestern Vietnam, and in Phongsaly Province in Laos. In 2007 there were about 760,000 speakers of Hani.

According to oral tradition, Hani used to written with its own script, however this was lost when the Hani people moved from Sichuan in China. A way of writing Hani with the Latin alphabet based on the dialect of Luchun County was created by the Chinese government in the 1950s. Hani has also been written with scripts based on Thai and Chinese.

Hani is used in schools, literature and the media, and about 40,000 Hani speakers are literate in their language. Others use Chinese.

Hani alphabet and pronunciation

Hani alphabet and pronunciation

When a syllable does not end in l, q or f, it has a mid-level tone [˧˧].

Download an alphabet chart for Hani (Excel)

Sample text in Hani

Aqsol liq yoqdeivq yoqpyuq bo, meeqyaovq ssolnei colpyuq qiq kov dei. Davqtavcolssaq neenyuq bel neema meeq ya siq, laongaoq meilnaol nadul meil e gaq ssol hhyul hha bavqduv nia.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Hani

Information about Hani | Numbers


Information about Hani

Tibeto-Burman languages

Achang, Arakanese, Balti, Bisu, Chocha Ngacha, Drung, Hajong, Hani, Hmar, Jingpho, Lashi, Lepcha, Lhao Vo, Lhomi, Lisu, Magar, Manipuri, Mro, Naxi, Newar, Nusu, Pahari, Tangkhul Naga, Tujia, Yolmo, Zaiwa

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 18.06.21


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