Yanesha' (Yaneshac̈h)

Yanesha' is a Southern Arawakan language spoken by about 9,8000 Amuesha people in central Peru. In particular, it is spoken at the upper reaches of the Oachitea and Perene rivers in the centre and east of the Pasco Region, and in the west of the Junin Region.

Other names for Yanesha' include Amuesha or Amoesha, and Yanesha' speakers call it Yaneshac̈h [janeʃaˀt͡ʂʰ], which means "we the people". It contains many words borrowed from Quechua and the Kampa languages, and the pronunciation of Yanesha' vowels has been influenced by Quechua.

Yanesha' is written with the Latin alphabet. One spelling system was introduced in 2008, and a revised orthography was approved by the Peruvian government in 2015. Other spelling systems are available.

Yanesha' alphabet and pronunciation

Yanesha' alphabet and pronunciation


Download an alphabet chart for Yanesha' (Excel)

Source: Diccionario Yanesha' (Amuesha)-Castellano

Sample texts

Coyanesha'ñapa ahuo' e'nan amar. Allñapa' allo entan epa ror, pat̃rro' tsama't̃ pat̃rro' ñam̃a rranquec̈h. Ñañapa' ahuo' yore ahuo' seto'ch po'cashe'mo. Allempoñapa' ahuo' natsetan amar perco allo'ch amran pohuaser.


The girl then went to look for leaf litter. There he saw then two flowers: one red and one orange. She took them then and put them in her cushma. She then took the litter back to the dam where she would put it in the holes.

Source: Gramática del idioma Yanesha' (Amuesha)

Allohueney ñeñtey arromñatey att̃o ye'ñalletyesa arr patsro e'ñe att̃ecma cohuen yesherb̃a'yen. Ñam̃a yechyen allpon derechos att̃och e'ñech cohueno'tsa'yeney arr patsro. Ñam̃a allohuen att̃ecma yechyen alloch yoct̃ape' chyen cohuen ñam̃a yeñotyen yeyoc̃hro ñeñt̃e'ne pocte' enten acheñenesha' ñam̃a ñeñt̃ama pocteye' enteneto. Yeñoteñ añ poctetsa e'ñe yemo'nasheñ yep̃annena ama't ora allohuen allpon acheñenesha' ñeñt̃añe patsro'tsa'yeney.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Corrections and sample text provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample video


Information about Yanesha'
https://www.sil.org/resources/search/language/ame https://talkingdictionary.swarthmore.edu/yanesha/

Arawakan languages

Achagua, Apurinã, Arawak, Asháninka, Ashéninka, Baniwa, Baniwa of Guainía, Baure, Caquinte, Chamicuro, Curripaco, Garifuna, Iñapari, Machiguenga, Nanti, Nomatsiguenga, Palikúr, Paraujuano, Paresi, Pauna, Piapoco, Taíno, Tariana, Terêna, Wapishana, Wayuu, Yanesha', Yine, Yucuna

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 25.03.24


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