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Numbers in Seneca (Oshe:daʼ)

Information about counting in Seneca (Onödowá'ga:'), an Iroquoian language spoken in Ontario in Canada and in New York State and Oklahoma in the USA

Click on any of the numbers that are links (blue) to hear them spoken. If you can provide recordings, corrections or additional translations, please contact me.

Numeral Cardinal
0 dagʼwisdëʼ (nothing)
1 sga:d, sga:t
2 dekni:h, tekni:h
3 sëh, sɛh
4 ge:ih, ke:ih
5 wis
6 ye:iʼ, ye:iˀ
7 dza:dak, ja:tak
8 degyöʼ, tekyᴐˀ
9 johdö:h, tyotᴐ:h
10 washë:h, washɛ:h
11 sga:sgaeʼ, ská: ska:ɛˀ
12 dekni:sgaeʼ, tekní: ska:ɛˀ
13 së:sgaeʼ, sɛ: ska:ɛˀ
14 ge:ih:sgaeʼ, ke:ih ska:ɛˀ
15 wis:sgaeʼ, wis ska:ɛˀ
16 ye:iʼ:sgaeʼ, ye:iˀ ska:ɛˀ
17 dza:dak:sgaeʼ, ja:tak ska:ɛˀ
18 degyöʼ:sgaeʼ, tekyᴐˀ ska:ɛˀ
19 johdö:h:sgaeʼ, tyotᴐ:h ska:ɛˀ
20 dewashëh, tewáshɛ:h
21 dewashëh sga:d, tewáshɛ:h sga:t
22 dewashëh dekni:h, tewáshɛ:h tekni:h
23 dewashëh sëh, tewáshɛ:h sɛh
24 dewashëh ge:ih, tewáshɛ:h ke:ih
25 dewashëh wis, tewáshɛ:h wis
26 dewashëh ye:iʼ, tewáshɛ:h ye:iˀ
27 dewashëh dza:dak, tewáshɛ:h ja:tak
28 dewashëh degyöʼ, tewáshɛ:h tekyᴐˀ
29 dewashëh johdö:h, tewáshɛ:h tyotᴐ:h
30 sëh niwashë:h, sɛ niwáshɛ:h
40 ge:ih niwashë:h, ke:ih niwáshɛ:h
50 wis niwashë:h, wis niwáshɛ:h
60 ye:iʼ niwashë:h, ye:iˀ niwáshɛ:h
70 dza:dak niwashë:h, ja:tak niwáshɛ:h
80 degyöʼ niwashë:h, tekyᴐˀ niwáshɛ:h
90 johdö:h niwashë:h, tyotᴐ:h niwáshɛ:h
100 sga:d dewëʼnyaʼe:h, sga:t tewɛˀnyaˀe:h (lit. one strike of the hand)
sga:d niwëʼnyaʼe:h, dewëʼnyaʼe:h or wëʼnya:ʼe:h
102 sga:d dewëʼnyaʼe:h dekni:h, sga:d niwëʼnyaʼe:h dekni:h
200 dekni:h dewëʼnyaʼe:h, dekni:h niwëʼnyaʼe:h
243 dekni:h dewëʼnyaʼe:h ge:ih niwashë:h sëh, dekni:h niwëʼnyaʼe:h ge:ih niwashë:h sëh
300 sëh nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, sëh niwëʼnyaʼe:h
376 sëh nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h dza:dak niwashë:h ye:iʼ, sëh niwëʼnyaʼe:h dza:dak niwashë:h ye:iʼ
400 ge:ih nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, ke:ih tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
500 wis nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, wis tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
600 ye:iʼ nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, ye:iˀ tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
700 dza:dak nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, ja:tak tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
800 degyöʼ nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, tekyᴐˀ tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
900 johdö:h nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, tyotᴐ:h tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
1,000 sgaöshä:d, sgaöshä:t (lit. one box),
nöʼdewëʼnyaʼeshäshë:h, (sga:t) nᴐˀtewɛˀnyaˀeshäshɛ:h (lit. ten hundreds)
2,000 degaöshä:ge:h (lit. two boxes)
3,000 së:nigaöshä:ge:h (lit. three boxes)
1,000,000 washë:h dewëʼnyaʼe:h nigáöshä:ge:h

Sources: Wallace L. Chafe: English-Seneca Dictionary. Handbook of the Seneca Language, p. 37. The University of the State of New York, Albany – 1963. Onödowaʼga:ʼ Gawë:nö, pp. 33-34.

Information compiled by Wolfgang Kuhl

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Seneca | Numbers in Seneca

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