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Ingrian (Ižoran keeli)

Ingrian or Izhorian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken by about 500 people in Ingria, a region of Russia on the eastern shores of the Baltic. It is closely related to Karelian and eastern dialects of Finnish. The majority of Ingrian speakers are elderly.

Ingrian has four groups of dialects: the Lower-Luga and Soikkola dialects, which are spoken in the western part of Ingria, the Kheva dialect on the Ingrian Plateau, and the Oredezh or the Upper-Luga dialect which was spoken near the River Oredezh, but is now extinct.

The Ingrian language is closely related with the eastern Finnish dialects, and there have also been numerous contacts with the neighbouring Votes and Finns, who had begun to arrive from the southeast of Finland by the 17th century. These contacts resulted in mutual influences. In West-Ingria (Lower-Luga, Soikkola) the Votic language has influenced both Ingrian and Finnish (the more distant Oredezh dialect excluded) and in the surroundings of the River Khevakha there is a discernible Ingrian influence in the Votic language. Since the 1930s Ingrian has also been significantly influenced by Russian in terms of vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar.

Between 1932 and 1937 a spelling system for Ingrian based on the Latin alphabet was used. A number of textbooks and a grammar were published, and the language was taught in schools on the Soikono Peninsula and around the mouth of the Luda River. From 1937 however, writing in Ingrian was forbidden and the Ingrian or Izhorian people, along with many other peoples, suffered mass repression.

Some of the information was provided by Максим Лобачевский (Maksim Lobachevskiy)

Ingrian alphabet (1932)

A a Ä ä B b D d E e F f G g H h
I i J j K k L l M m N n Ö ö P p
R r S s T t U u V v Y y    

Ingrian alphabet (1936)

A a Ä ä B b V v G g D d E e Ƶ ƶ Z z I i
J j K k L l M m N n O o Ö ö P p R r S s
T t U u Y y F f H h C c Ç ç Ş ş ь  

Modern Ingrian alphabet

A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i
J j K k L l M m N n O o P p R r S s
Š š T t U u V v Y y Z z Ž ž Ä ä Ö ö

Ingrian pronunciation

Ingrian pronunciation


Sample text

Sis ku raasseli, otti hämmin kättee i lykkäis sinne kalloi, sis hää nägi kuim paljo seel on kallaa, arvais kuim paljo höö maksad. Siz raasseli märnää: kuimn paljo maksaat kalan? No kippari seeld märnää, sto viiskymmend rublaa! Seelt taaz raasseli mörnää: oda koltkymmend. Kolmaz veel lizäjää: oda viiskymmend. Kippari taaz mörnää: lissää veel! No olkaa sis viiz rublaa veel lissään! Sis kippari sanoo, sto: olkaa sis sevverran hintaa! Raasseli siz mörnää: ossettu on. Sis toized raasselin ajjaad loond poiz, a hää jääbi kallooja mättämää saahka. No viiz rublaa veel liitkoja kyzytti: naized ostiit pulgad a meehed joivad viinaa.


Information about Ingrian | Numbers in Ingrian


Information about the Ingrian languageИжорский_язык

Online Ingrian lessons (in Russian)

Finno-Ugric languages

Enets, Erzya, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Karelian, Khanty, Komi, Kven, Livonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Nenets, Sámi, Udmurt, Veps, Võro, Votic

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet