Mapuche (Mapudungun)

Mapuche is spoken by between 240,000 and 700,000 people in parts of southern Chile and western Argentina. It is a language isolate unrelated to any other language. This language is also known as Mapudungu or Araucanian, (Araucano in Spanish), though the latter term is no longer used. The native name for the language, Mapudungun, comes from mapu (earth, land) and dungun (speak, speech).

Some linguists believe Mapuche is related to the Penutian languages of North America, others link it to the Andean, Arawakan or Mayan languages. It contains some loanwords from Quechua and Spanish.

Main dialects of Mapuchue include Pehuenche, Huillice, Moluche or Nguluche and Ranquenche.

The first grammar of Mapuche, Arte y Gramatica General de la Lengva que Corre en Todo el Reyno de Chile, was published in 1606 by Luis de Valdivia, a Jesuit priest. A grammar and dictionary was published in 1765 by Andrés Febrés.

Mapuche alphabets

Mapuche alphabet

This chart shows three of the spelling systems for Mapuche:

Sample text in Mapuche

Kom pu mogence kisuzuam mvlekey, kom cegeygvn, logkogeygvn ka piwkegeygvn, nieygvn kimvn fey mew mvley tañi yamniewael ka epuñpvle kejuwael egvn.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about the Mapuche language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mapudungun
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idioma_mapuche
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mapudungun_alphabet
http://rehue.home.xs4all.nl/lang/lan002.html
http://www.native-languages.org/mapuche.htm

Mapuche vocabulary
http://wold.livingsources.org/vocabulary/41
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Araucanian_Swadesh_lists

Online Mapuche dictionaries
http://rehue.home.xs4all.nl/lang/gloss.html
http://www.uctemuco.cl/diccionario/
http://es.freelang.net/enlinea/mapuche.php

Bible in Mapuche
http://worldbibles.org/language_detail/eng/arn/Mapuche

Language isolates

Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Eskayan, Haida, Karuk, Korean, Mapuche, Nivkh, Purepecha, Seri, Sumerian

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


Learn Chinese Characters with the Omniglot Chinese app | Language Jobs at Jobseeker.co.uk
Hosted by Kualo