Words for colours in Breton (Brezhoneg) with notes and colour-related expressions.
Colour in Breton is liv, which also means complexion or appearance.
Related words include:
du [ˈdyː] - black, dark, swollen, hungry
Etymology: from Proto-Brythonic *duβ (black), from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black).
gwenn [ˈɡwɛn] - white, pale, pure, brilliant, sacred, useless, vain
Etymology: from the Proto-Brythonic *gwɨnn (white), from Proto-Celtic *windos (white), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱweytos (bright; shine).
ruz [ˈryːs] - red; dry (plant); unchained (anger)
Etymology: from Proto-Brythonic *rʉð (red), from Proto-Celtic *roudos (red), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red).
melen [ˈmeː.lɛn] - yellow, fair, blonde
Etymology: from Proto-Celtic *melinos, from *meli (honey), from Proto-Indo-European *mélid (honey)
glas [ˈɡlɑːs] - blue, green (vegetation), grey (horse), raw, fresh, acerbic, pale
Etymology: from Proto-Brythonic *glas (green, blue), from Proto-Celtic *glastos (green, blue), probably from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰl̥h₃stós, from *ǵʰelh₃- (“green, yellow”).
gwer - green (artificial)
Etymology: from Latin viridis (green)
ruzdu - brown ("red-brown"); liv kistin - chestnut brown; gell - brown; duard [ˈdyː.art] - brown or black (hair)
Etymology (gell): Proto-Celtic *gello- (yellow) or *gelo- (white), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (gleam, yellow)
roz - pink
Etymology: from French rose (pink).
orañjez, orañj - orange; melenruz - orange ("yellow-red")
louet - grey, mouldy
Etymology: from Proto-Brythonic *luïd, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlētos, from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (gray).
glasruz - purple ("blue-red")
arc'hant [ˈaʁχãnt] - silver, money
Etymology: from Old Breton argans, from Proto-Celtic *arganto- (silver), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erg- (to shine)
aour [ˈawʁ] - gold
Etymology: from Latin aureus (golden)
Hear some of these Breton colours:
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