Numbers in Seneca (Oshe:daʼ)

Information about counting in Seneca (Onödowá'ga:'), an Iroquoian language spoken in Ontario in Canada and in New York State and Oklahoma in the USA

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Numeral Cardinal
0 dagʼwisdëʼ (nothing)
1 sga:d, sga:t
2 dekni:h, tekni:h
3 sëh, sɛh
4 ge:ih, ke:ih
5 wis
6 ye:iʼ, ye:iˀ
7 dza:dak, ja:tak
8 degyöʼ, tekyᴐˀ
9 johdö:h, tyotᴐ:h
10 washë:h, washɛ:h
11 sga:sgaeʼ, ská: ska:ɛˀ
12 dekni:sgaeʼ, tekní: ska:ɛˀ
13 së:sgaeʼ, sɛ: ska:ɛˀ
14 ge:ih:sgaeʼ, ke:ih ska:ɛˀ
15 wis:sgaeʼ, wis ska:ɛˀ
16 ye:iʼ:sgaeʼ, ye:iˀ ska:ɛˀ
17 dza:dak:sgaeʼ, ja:tak ska:ɛˀ
18 degyöʼ:sgaeʼ, tekyᴐˀ ska:ɛˀ
19 johdö:h:sgaeʼ, tyotᴐ:h ska:ɛˀ
20 dewashëh, tewáshɛ:h
21 dewashëh sga:d, tewáshɛ:h sga:t
22 dewashëh dekni:h, tewáshɛ:h tekni:h
23 dewashëh sëh, tewáshɛ:h sɛh
24 dewashëh ge:ih, tewáshɛ:h ke:ih
25 dewashëh wis, tewáshɛ:h wis
26 dewashëh ye:iʼ, tewáshɛ:h ye:iˀ
27 dewashëh dza:dak, tewáshɛ:h ja:tak
28 dewashëh degyöʼ, tewáshɛ:h tekyᴐˀ
29 dewashëh johdö:h, tewáshɛ:h tyotᴐ:h
30 sëh niwashë:h, sɛ niwáshɛ:h
40 ge:ih niwashë:h, ke:ih niwáshɛ:h
50 wis niwashë:h, wis niwáshɛ:h
60 ye:iʼ niwashë:h, ye:iˀ niwáshɛ:h
70 dza:dak niwashë:h, ja:tak niwáshɛ:h
80 degyöʼ niwashë:h, tekyᴐˀ niwáshɛ:h
90 johdö:h niwashë:h, tyotᴐ:h niwáshɛ:h
100 sga:d dewëʼnyaʼe:h, sga:t tewɛˀnyaˀe:h (lit. one strike of the hand)
sga:d niwëʼnyaʼe:h, dewëʼnyaʼe:h or wëʼnya:ʼe:h
102 sga:d dewëʼnyaʼe:h dekni:h, sga:d niwëʼnyaʼe:h dekni:h
200 dekni:h dewëʼnyaʼe:h, dekni:h niwëʼnyaʼe:h
243 dekni:h dewëʼnyaʼe:h ge:ih niwashë:h sëh, dekni:h niwëʼnyaʼe:h ge:ih niwashë:h sëh
300 sëh nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, sëh niwëʼnyaʼe:h
376 sëh nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h dza:dak niwashë:h ye:iʼ, sëh niwëʼnyaʼe:h dza:dak niwashë:h ye:iʼ
400 ge:ih nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, ke:ih tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
500 wis nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, wis tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
600 ye:iʼ nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, ye:iˀ tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
700 dza:dak nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, ja:tak tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
800 degyöʼ nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, tekyᴐˀ tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
900 johdö:h nöʼdewëʼnyaʼe:h, tyotᴐ:h tewɛˀnyaˀe:h
1,000 sgaöshä:d, sgaöshä:t (lit. one box),
nöʼdewëʼnyaʼeshäshë:h, (sga:t) nᴐˀtewɛˀnyaˀeshäshɛ:h (lit. ten hundreds)
2,000 degaöshä:ge:h (lit. two boxes)
3,000 së:nigaöshä:ge:h (lit. three boxes)
1,000,000 washë:h dewëʼnyaʼe:h nigáöshä:ge:h

Sources: Wallace L. Chafe: English-Seneca Dictionary. Handbook of the Seneca Language, p. 37. The University of the State of New York, Albany – 1963. Onödowaʼga:ʼ Gawë:nö, pp. 33-34.

Information compiled by Wolfgang Kuhl

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Seneca | Numbers

Numbers in Iroquoian languages

Cayuga, Cherokee, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Tuscarora, Wendat

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