Bavarian is a West Germanic language spoken in Bavaria, Austria, Italy and the Czech Republic. In the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern) in the southeast of Germany (Deitschland), Bavarian is spoken mainly in the districts of Upper Bavaria (Obabayern) and Lower Bavaria (Niadabayern). In Austria it is spoken in the states of Lower Austria (Niedaöstareich), Salzburg (Soizburg), Carinthia (Karntn) and Styria (Steiamoak).
In Italy Bavarian is spoken in the Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Sidtiroul) region of South Tyrol. In the Czech Republic there are Bavarian speakers in the regions of South Bohemia (Jihočeský kraj), Karlovy Vary, Plzeň, and Vysočina. There are also some Bavarian speakers in Grisons in Switzerland, and in Sopron in Hungary.
In 2005 there were about 6 million speakers of Bavarian in Bavaria, 250,000 in Italy and 9,000 in the Czech Republic. According to the European Commission, there were 7.8 million speakers of Bavarian in Austria in 2012. The total number of speakers is about 14 million [source].
Bavarian is mainly used as a spoken language and is rarely used in writing. Instead Standard German, which is known as Schriffdeutsch (written German), is used. There is no standard way of writing Bavarian and it is not taught in schools. There are, however, some written materials in the language, such as grammars, poetry and a translation of the Bible. Bavarian is also used in songs.
There are three main varieties of Bavarian:
|A a||À à||Â â||Å å||Ã ã||Ă ă||Ä ä||B b||C c|
|D d||E e||È è||É é||Ê ê||Ẽ ẽ||Ĕ ĕ||F f||G g|
|H h||I i||Î î||J j||K k||L l||M m||N n||O o|
|Ò ò||Ó ó||Ô ô||Ŏ ŏ||Ö ö||P p||Q q||R r||S s|
|T t||U u||Û û||Ü ü||V v||W w||X x||Y y||Z z|
Details of Bavarian pronunciation supplied by Michael Peter Füstumum
I bin in den Stadl gegangn, und do warn Taubn drinna, und do is om vo da Mühle aa is om Gedreide aufgschütt gwesd
ɪç bɪn ɪn ʒdoːᵈl ɡɔŋə, ᶷn do βoən daːm drɪnə, ᶷn dao ɪz uəm və də mlʲ aː ɪz uəm troi̯t aːvɡʒit kβeːzd...
Ich bin in den Stadel gegangen, und da waren Tauben drinnen, und da ist oben von der Mühle auch ist oben Getreide aufgeschüttet gewesen...
I went into the barn, and there were pigeons in it, and then, upstairs, there was grain heaped up as well, from the mill...
Information about Bavarian | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel
Information about Bavarian
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Page last modified: 21.03.23
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