Cocama is a Tupi-Guarani language spoken by about 1,000 people mainly in northwestern Peru, and also in Brazil and Colombia. In Peru it is spoken along the Ucayali, Marañón and Huallaga rivers in the provinces of Maynas, Alto Amazonas, Requena, Maquia and Ucayali in the Loreto Department. In Brazil there are Cocama speakers in the towns of Tabatinga, Benjamin Constant and Tefé in Amazonas State. The majority of Cocama speakers are over 50 years old, and there is a shift to Spanish or Portuguese among younger Cocama people.
Cocama is also known as Kokama, Kokamilla, Ucayali or Huallaga. The people who speak it are known as Cocoma, Cocoma-Cocamilla, Huallaga, Kokama, Pampadeque, Pandequebo, Ucayali or Xibitaoan.
Cocama is written with the Latin alphabet, although few Cocama speakers are literate in their language. It was first written by Jesuit missionaries in the 16th century. Since then various spelling systems have been devised. Parts of the Bible have been translated into Cocama, and it is taught in some schools as part of efforts to revitalise it.
Information about Cocama
Page created: 19.10.23. Last modified: 19.10.23
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