Mongsen Ao (Mùngsen Ahw)

Mongsen Ao is a member of Kuki-Chin-Naga branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. It is spoken by about 104,000 people in Nagaland in the northeast India, particularly in 30 villages in the Mokokchung district in the north of Nagaland.

Mongsen Ao is also known as Mongsen Khari. It is considered either a separate language, or a dialect of Ao. Other varities of Ao include Chungli, Changki, Dordar and Longla. Mongsen Ao is closely related to Changki, which is classified as a subdialect of Mongsen Ao by some linguists. Chungli differs significantly from Mongsen Ao to the extent that they are almost mutually unintelligible.

A way to write the Ao languages with the Latin alphabet, particularly Chungli Ao, was developed in the 1880s by Edward W. Clark, a Christian missionary. An orthography for Mongsen Ao was suggested by Alexander R. Coupe in A grammar of Mongsen Ao in 2003. The sample text uses a slightly different spelling system.

Mongsen Ao alphabet

Mongsen Ao alphabetAo


Mongsen Ao has three tones: a high tone, which is marked with an acute accent (á), a low tone, which is marked with a grave accent (à), and a mid tone, which is not marked.

Sample videos


Information about Mongsen Ao
A grammar of Mongsen Ao, by Alexander R. Coupe

Kuki-Chin-Naga languages

Biete, Falam, Hakha, Karbi, Kom, Mizo, Mongsen Ao, Paite, Tedim, Zeme, Zotung, Zou

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page created: 03.03.23. Last modified: 11.07.23


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