Squamish is a Central Salishan language spoken in the southwest of British Columbia in Canada, mainly in reservations in Squamish in North Vancouver, and in West Vancouver. In 2014 there were seven native speakers of Squamish, and about 450 learners of the language.
Squamish is closely related to Sechelt, Halkomelem, which are also spoken in British Columbia, and Nooksack, which is spoken in the northwest of Washington State in the USA.
Squamish was first documented in the 1880s by Franz Boas, a German anthropologist. A grammar of Squamish was produced by a Dutch linguist, Aert H. Kuipers, in the 1950s. The language was further documented in 1968, when the current orthography was devised. A Squamish dictionary was publish in 2011.
Squamish was declared the offical language of the Squamish people in 1990. Since then efforts have been made to revitalize the language. Squamish language courses are offered at Capilano University in North Vancouver, and at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver. There are also classes in Squamish in primary and secondary schools.
Information about Squamish
Page last modified: 25.02.23
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