Palimukhi (ਪਾਲਿਮੁਖੀ)

Palimukhi is an adaptation of the Gurmukhi script for writing Pāli devised by Punya Pranava Pasumarty. Among the various writing systems used in India, Gurmukhi is perfectly suited to transcribe Pāli for the following main reasons:

In all, the Gurmukhi script brings out the intrinsic simplicity of Pāli phonetic swhile expressing Pāli words in the most compact yet simple fashion, at least ascompared to other scripts of India.

The following are the letters of the Palimukhi script. These are identical to those ofGurmukhi for Punjabi except for the last letter ‘ੜ’, which has the [ɽ] sound in Punjabi but isused for the [ɭ] sound in Palimukhi

Palimukhi script

Download an alphabet chart for Palimukhi


Apart from the letters and vowel marks, there are also a few other marks used in Palimukhi. They are the following:

Sample text

ਮਨੋਪੁੱਬੰਗਮਾ ਧੱਮਾ ਮਨੋਸੇੱਠਾ ਮਨੋਮਯਾ।
ਮਨਸਾ ਚੋ ਪਦੁੱਠੇਨ ਭਾਸਲਿਤ ਵਾ ਕਰੋਲਿਤ ਵਾ।
ਤਤੋ ਨਮ੍ ਦੁੱਖੰ ਅਨ੍ਵੇਲਿਤ ਚੱਕੰਵ ਵਹਤੋ ਪਦੰ।।


Manopubbaṅgamā dhammā, manoseṭṭhā manomayā;
Manasā ce paduṭṭhena, bhāsati vā karoti vā;
Tato nam dukkhaṁ anveti, cakkaṁ'va vahato padaṁ.


Mind precedes all mental states. Mind is their chief; they are all mind-wrought. If with an impure mind a person speaks or acts suffering follows him like the wheel that follows the foot of the ox.
(Translated by Acharya Buddharakkhita)

Download details of the Palimukhi script (PDF)

Information about Pāli

Scripts created by Punya Pranava Pasumarty

Bhāratalipi Unified Indian Script (BLUIS), Charunagari, Deccan Lipi, Devadeshi, Ethiofarsi, Españabugida, Farsi Alefbet, Featural Lojban Abjad, Haruf-e-Tana, Palimukhi, Neobrahmi, SEAscript, West Eurolex

Constructed scripts for: Ainu | Arabic | Chinese languages | Dutch | English | Hawaiian | Hungarian | Japanese | Korean | Lingala | Malay & Indonesian | Persian | Tagalog / Filipino | Russian | Sanskrit | Spanish | Taino | Turkish | Vietnamese | Welsh | Other natural languages | Colour-based scripts | Tactile scripts | Phonetic/universal scripts | Constructed scripts for constructed languages | Adaptations of existing alphabets | Fictional alphabets | Magical alphabets | A-Z index | How to submit a constructed script


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