Ethiofarsi (ኢትዮፋርሲ)

Ethiofarsi is an adaptation of the Amharic abugida for Persian (Farsi). Ethiofarsi is intended to be more faithful to Farsi phonetics, and to have more phonetically consistent letters than the current Perso-Arabic alphabet for Farsi. Also, any Amharic letters that aren't required for Farsi aren't used, so as to keep things simple.

The 7 basic Amharic/Ge'ez vowel forms are retained in Ethiofarsi since they are almost identical to Farsi vowels. Other compound vowel forms in Amharic aren't used. Of the 34 Amharic consonant letters, only 23 are used here so as to maintain one-to-one correspondence between the Ethiopic letters and Farsi consonants. The following is a comprehensive table of all the Ethiofarsi syllables.

Ethiofarsi script

Thus, every consonant letter has 7 forms, 6 to represent the basic Farsi vowels and 1 to represent lack of a vowel, shown here as 'N/A'. In addition, there are 2 compound vowels in Farsi, /ej/ and /ow/. The former can be represented by following the 'e' form of a letter with 'ይ' and the latter, by following the 'o' form of a letter with 'ኡ'.

In Ethiofarsi, Ethiopic punctuation marks are used since they go well with the abugida. However, as opposed to Ethiopic numerals, the use of Farsi numerals (based on Arabic-Indic numerals) is preferred because they are simpler to write and are capable of representing indefinitely high powers of ten and zero. The following are the Farsi numerals used in Ethiofarsi: ۰ ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹.

Download an alphabet chart for Ethiofarsi (Excel)

Sample text in Ethiofarsi script

ተማምኤ፡አፍራድኤ፡በሸር፡ኣዛድ፡ቤ፡ዶንያ፡ሚ፡ኣየንድ፡ቨ፡አዝ፡ሌሃዝ፡ሄይሲየት፡ኦ፡ሆዑዕ፡ባ፡ ሀም፡በራበረንድ።ሀሜ፡ዳራዬ፡አዕል፡ኦ፡ቬጅዳን፡ሚ፡ባሸንድ፡ቨ፡ባየድ፡ኔስበት፡ቤ፡ዬክ፡ዲገር፡ ባ፡ሩህኤ፡በራደሪ፡ረፍታር፡ኮነንድ።

Transliteration (Perso-Arabic alphabet)

تمام افراد بشر آزاد به دنیا می آیند و از لحاظ حیثیت و حقوق با هم برابرند, همه دارای عقل و وجدان می باشند و باید نسبت به یک دیگر با روح برادری رفتار کنند.

Transliteration (Latin alphabet)

Tamâm-e afrâd-e bašar âzâd be donyâ miâyand va az lehâz-e heysiyat-o hoquq bâ ham arâbar-and. Hame dârâ-ye aql-o vejdân mibâšand va bâyad nesbat be yekdigar bâ ruh-e barâdari raftâr konand.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about the Ethiopic script

Information about Persian | Latin alphabets for Persian | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Links | Learning materials

Scripts created by Punya Pranava Pasumarty

Bhāratalipi Unified Indian Script (BLUIS), Charunagari, Deccan Lipi, Devadeshi, Ethiofarsi, Españabugida, Haruf-e-Tana, Neobrahmi, SEAscript, West Eurolex

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