Dzongkha   རྫོང་ཁ (Dzongkha)

Dzongkha, or Bhutanese, is spoken by about 130,000 people in Bhutan, where it is the national language, and also in Nepal and India. It is a South Tibetic language closely related to Sikkimese. It is also related to other languages spoken in Bhutan, such as Chocangaca, Brokpa, Brokkat and Lakha.

Dzongkha is written with the Tibetan alphabet, which was introduced by Thonmi Sambhota in the 7th century AD. However, the main written language in Bhutan is Classical Tibetan, which differs as much from Dzongkha as French from Latin. There is also official way of writing Dzongkha with the Latin alphabet known as Roman Dzongkha.

Dzongkha alphabet


Dzongkha consonants

Vowel diacritics

Dzongkha vowels

Conjunct consonants

This is a small selection of conjunct consonants, which are used when two consonants occur without a vowel between them.

Dzongkha conjunct consonants

Sample text in Dzongkha

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Dzongkha


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Dzongkha

Information about Dzongkha | Phrases | Numbers

Learn Dzhongkha with uTalk

Dzongkha language resources on Amazon


Information about the Dzongkha language and culture

Online Dzongkha lessons

Dzongkha phrases

Center for Bhutan Studies (in English and Dzongkha)

Bodish (Tibeto-Kanauri) languages

Amdo Tibetan, Choni, Dzongkha, Jirel, Kagate, Khams Tibetan, Khengkha, Ladakhi, Lhowa, Sherpa, Sikkimese, Tibetan, Tshangla

Languages written with the Tibetan alphabet

Amdo Tibetan, Balti, Bokar, Chocha Ngacha, Choni, Dzongkha (Bhutanese), Jirel, Khams Tibetan, Khengkha, Ladakhi, Sikkimese, Tibetan, Sherpa, Tamang, Tshangla

Page last modified: 22.01.24


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