Dzongkha, or Bhutanese, is spoken by about 130,000 people in Bhutan, where it is the national language, and also in Nepal and India. It is a South Tibetic language closely related to Sikkimese. It is also related to other languages spoken in Bhutan, such as Chocangaca, Brokpa, Brokkat and Lakha.
Dzongkha is written with the Tibetan alphabet, which was introduced by Thonmi Sambhota in the 7th century AD. However, the main written language in Bhutan is Classical Tibetan, which differs as much from Dzongkha as French from Latin. There is also official way of writing Dzongkha with the Latin alphabet known as Roman Dzongkha.
This is a small selection of conjunct consonants, which are used when two consonants occur without a vowel between them.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about the Dzongkha language and culture
Online Dzongkha lessons
Center for Bhutan Studies (in English and Dzongkha)
Page last modified: 23.04.21
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