Tlapanec (Me̱ꞌpha̱a̱)

Tlapanec is an Oto-Manguean language spoken by about 150,000 people mainly in the state of Guerrero in southern Mexico. There are also some Tlapanec speakers in the town of Chinameca in the state of Morelos, in Mexico City and in the USA.

Tlapanec is also known as Tlappanec, tlapaneco or Me'phaa. Native speakers call themselves and their language Me̱ꞌpha̱a̱ [meʔpʰaː].

There are several different varieties of Tlapanec, which are classified in some sources as separate languages, each of which has a number of dialects. They include Acatepec, Malinaltepec (Me̱ꞌphaa Mañuwìín) and Tlacoapa. Acatepec has about 40,200 speakers and dialects include Acatepec proper, Huitzapula, Nanzintla, Teocuitlapa and Zapotitlán Tablas. Malinaltepec has about 37,500 speakers, and one dialect: Huehuetepec / Zilacayotitlán. Tlacoapa has about 7,500 speakers and two dialects: Tlacoapa proper and Tenamazapa. They are written with the Latin alphabet.

The Mexican Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas officially recognises the following Tlapanec languages: Acatepec, Azoyú, Malinaltepec, Tlacoapa, Nancintla, Teocuitlapa, Zapotitlán Tablas, Zilacayotitlá.

Malinaltepec is used on one local radio station in Guerrero, and also in literature and local government.

Tlapanec (Acatepec) alphabet and pronunciation

Tlapanec (Acatepec) alphabet and pronunciation

Notes

Download an alphabet chart for Tlapanec (Excel)

Sample text in Acatepec

Náa kúwíi̱n xa̱bu̱ meꞌpa̱a̱ rígá mbaꞌa enii iñiiꞌ: rígá iñiiꞌ mu̱jmu̱ꞌ, rígá iñiiꞌ miꞌxá, rígá iñiiꞌ miꞌñuu, xúꞌkui-̱má rígá iñiiꞌ ixi̱ mangaa. Dí iñiiꞌ īxi̱ mbrutu xóo dí i̱ꞌwáꞌ iñiiꞌ; iñiiꞌ rígi̱ | xóo gújkúꞌ kaꞌnii ikaa. Mangaamá rígá iñuuꞌ ru̱bú. Mbá xúguííꞌ iñiiꞌ rígi̱ | najma̱a̱ náa jmbañúúꞌ xa̱bu̱ meꞌpa̱a̱. Xúꞌkui̱-má ikaa iñiiꞌ rígi̱ | nagúún rágu̱jua̱ xuáá, mangaa-má naꞌpu̱ | mangiin mú dí ségu̱jua̱.

Translation

Where the Meꞌpaa people live, there are different kinds of cultivated tubers: there is the yellow yucca, there is the white yucca, there is the purple yucca, and there is the “woody” yucca. The woody yucca is different from the other yuccas; this yucca is a bit hard. There are also the chayote tubers. All of these cultivated tubers are found in the region of the Meꞌpaa people. They take these tubers to market to sell or they themselves eat them if they do not sell them.

Source: The sounds of Acatepec Me'paa (Tlapanec)

Sample video in Tlapanec

Information about Tlapanec | Numbers (Malinaltepec)

Links

Information about Tlapanec languages
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlapanec_language
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlapanèque
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idioma_tlapaneco
https://www.sil.org/resources/search/language/tpx
http://www.native-languages.org/tlapanec.htm

Oto-Manguean languages

Chinanteco, Chatino, Chiquihuitlán Mazatec, Coatzospan Mixtec, Jalapa Mazatec, Mazahua, Mazatec, Mixtec, Otomi, Otomi (Acazulco), Otomi (Sierra), Otomi (Temoaya), Tlapanec, Triqui (Chicahuaxtla), Triqui (Copala), Triqui (San Martín Itunyos), Triqui (Santo Domingo del Estero), Zapotec (Aloápam), Zapotec (Choápam), Zapotec (Güilá), Zapotec (Isthmus), Zapotec (Miahuatlán), Zapotec (Rincón), Zapotec (San Dionisio Ocotepec), Zapotec (Zoogocho)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 16.01.24

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