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Names of countries and regions of Asia in local languages

The names are shown in their short and full forms in the official languages of each country. Translations of the full names not in English are shown in [brackets].

English name Local name
Afghanistan افغانستان
(Afġānistān) - Pashto
افغانستان
(Afġānestān) - Dari
د افغانستان اسلامی جمهوريت
(də Afġānistān Islāmī Ǧumhūrīyat)
جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
(Jomhūrī-e Eslāmī-e Afġānestān)
[Islamic Republic of Afghanistan]
Armenia Հայաստան (Hayastan)
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
(Hayastani Hanrapetouṭyoun)
[Republic of Armenia]
Azerbaijan Azərbaycan
Азәрбајҹан
آذربايجان (Azərbaycan)
Azərbaycan Respublikası
Азәрбајҹан Республикаси
(Azərbaycan Respublikası)
[Azerbaijani Republic]
Bahrain البحرين
(al-Baḥrayn)
مملكة البحرين
(Mamlakât al-Baḥrayn)
[The Kingdom of Bahrain]
Bangladesh বাংলাদেশ
(Bāṅlādēś)
গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
(Gaṇaprajātantri Bāṅlādēś)
[People's Republic of Bangladesh]
Bhutan འབྲུག་ཡུལ། (druk-yul)
[Kingdom of Bhutan]
Brunei Darussalam بروني دارالسلام
Brunei Darussalam
نڬارا بروني دارالسلام
Negara Brunei Darussalam
[State of Brunei Darussalam]
Burma / Myanmar မြန်မာ (Myanma)
ဗမာ (Bama)
ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌
(Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw)
[Republic of the Union of Myanmarr]
Cambodia កម្ពុជា
(Kampuchea)
ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា
(Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa)
[Kingdom of Cambodia]
China 中国 (Zhōngguó)
中华人民共和国
(Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gōnghéguó)
[People's Republic of China]
Hong Kong 香港
(Hèunggóng, Xiānggǎng)
香港特別行政區
(Hèunggóng Dahkbihit Hàhngjingkèui
Xiānggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū)
[Hong Kong Special Administrative Region]
Macau 澳門
(Ngoumún,
Àomén)
Macau
澳門特別行政區
(Ngoumún Dahkbihit Hàhngjingkèui
Àomén Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū)
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau
[Macau Special Administrative Region]
East Timor Timór Lorosa'e
Timor-Leste
Repúblika Demokrátika Timór Lorosa'e
República Democrática de Timor-Leste
[Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste]
Georgia საქართველო
(Sak'art'velo)
საქართველოს რესპუბლიკა
(Sak'art'velos Respublika)
[Republic of Georgia]
India (Assamese) ভাৰত
(Bhārat)
ভাৰত গণৰাজ্য
(Bhārat Ganarājya)
India (Bengali) ভারত
(Bhārat)
ভারতীয় প্রজাতন্ত্র
(Bhāratīya Prajātantra)
India (Gujarati) ભારત
(Bhārat)
ભારતીય ગણરાજ્ય
(Bhāratīya Gaṇarājya)
India (Hindi) भारत
(Bhārat)
भारत गणराज्य
(Bhārat Gaṇarājya)
India (Kannada) ಭಾರತ
(Bhārat)
ಭಾರತ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯ
(Bhārat Gaṇarājya)
India (Malayalam) ഭാരതം
(Bhārataṁ)
ഭാരത ഗണരാജ്യം
(Bhārat Gaṇarājyaṁ)
India (Marathi) भारत
(Bhārat)
भारत प्रजासत्ताक
(Bhārat Prajāsattāk)
India (Oriya) ଭାରତ
(Bhārat)
ଭାରତ ଗଣରାଜ୍ୟ
(Bhārat Gaṇarājẏa)
India (Punjabi) ਭਾਰਤ
(Bhārat)
ਭਾਰਤ ਗਣਰਾਜ
(Bhārat Gaṇarāja)
India (Sanskrit) भारतम्
(Bhāratam)
भारतमहाराज्यम्
(Bhāratamahārājyam)
India (Sindhi) ڀارت
(Bhārat)
India (Tamil) இந்தியா
(Intiyō)
இந்தியக் குடியரசு
(Intiyōk Kuṭiyaracu)
India (Telugu) భారత
(Bhārat)
భారత గణ రాజ్యము
(Bhārat Gaṇa Rājyamu)
Indonesia Indonesia
Republik Indonesia
[Republic of Indonesia]
Iran (Persia) ايران
(Īrān)
جمهورى اسلامى ايران
(Jomhūrī-e Eslāmī-e Īrān)
[Islamic Republic of Iran]
Iraq العراق
(al-ʿIrāq)
جمهورية العراق
(Ǧumhūrīyât al-ʿIrāq)
[Republic of Iraq]
Israel (Yiśrā'ēl) ישׂראל
(Isrā'īl)إسرائيل
(Məḏînaṯ Yiśrā'ēl) מדינת ישראל
(Dawlât Isrā'īl)دولة إسرائيل
[State of Israel]
Japan 日本
(Nihon/Nippon)
日本国
(Nihon/Nippon Koku)
Jordan الأردن
(al-Urdun)

المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية
(al-Mamlakâ al-Urdunnīyâ al-Hāšimīyâ)

[Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan]
Kazakhstan Қазақстан (Ķazaķstan)
Қазақстан Республикасы (Ķazaķstan Respublikasy)
[Republic of Kazakhstan]
Korea (North) 조선
(Joseon)
조선 민주주의 인민 공화국
(Joseon Minjujuui Inmin Gonghwaguk)
[Democratic People's Republic of Korea]
Korea (South) 한국 (韓國)
(Hanguk)
대한민국 (大韓民國)
(Daehan Minguk)
[Republic of Korea]
Kuwait الكويت
(al-Kuwayt)

دولة الكويت
(Dawlât al-Kuwayt)

[State of Kuwait]
Kyrgyzstan Кыргызстан
(Kyrgyzstan)
Кыргызстан Республикасы
(Kyrgyz Respublikasy)
[Kyrgyz Republic]
Laos ລາວ (Lāw)
ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນ ລາວ
(Sāthālanalat Pasāthipatai Pasāson Lāw)
[Lao People's Democratic Republic]
Lebannon لبنان
(Lubnān)

الجمهوريّة اللبنانية
(al-Ǧumhūrīyâ al-Lubnānīyâ)

[Lebanese Republic]
Maldives ދިވެހި
(Dhivehi)
ދިވެހި ޖުމްހުރިޔަ
(Dhivehi Jumhuriya)
[Maldive Republic]
Malaysia Malaysia
مليسيا
Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia
ڤرسكوتوان تانه مليسيا
[Federation of Malaysia]
Mongolia Монгол Улс
ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
(Mongol Uls)
Nepal नेपाल
(Nēpāl)
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपा
(Sańghīya Loktāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl)
[Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal]
Oman عمان
(ʿUmān)
سلطنة عمان
(Salṭanât ʿUmān)
[Sultanate of Oman]
Pakistan پاکستان
(pākistān)
سلامی جمهرويت پاکستان
(Islāmī Jumhūriyyat-e Pākistān)
[Islamic Republic of Pakistan]
Palestine فلسطين
(Filasṭīn)
دولة فلسطين
(Dawlât Filasṭīn)
[State of Palestine]
Philippines Pilipinas
Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas
Republic of the Philippines
[Republic of the Philippines]
Qatar قطر
(Qaṭar)
دولة قطر
(Dawlât Qaṭar)
[State of Qatar]
Republic of China, Taipei 臺灣 (T'ai2-wan1)
中華民國
(Chung1-hua2 Min2-kuo2)
[Republic of China]
Russia Россия
(Rossija)
Российская Федерация
(Rossijskaja Federacija)
[Russian Federation]
Saudi Arabia السعودية
(as-Saʿūdīyâ)
المملكة العربية السعودية
(al-Mamlakâ al-ʿArabīyâ as-Saʿūdīyâ)
[Kingdom of Saudi Arabia]
Singapore
(Chinese)
新加坡
(xīnjiāpō)
新加坡共和国
(xīnjiāpō gōnghéguó)
[Republic of Singapore]
Singapore
(Malay)
Singapura
Republik Singapura
[Republic of Singapore]
Singapore
(Tamil)
சிங்கப்பூர்
(Čiṅkappūr)
சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
(Čiṅkappūr kūyarak)
[Republic of Singapore]
Sri Lanka (Sinhala) ශ්රී ලංකා
(Šrī Laṁkā)
ශ්රී ලංකා ප්රජාතාන්ත්රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය
(Šrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya)
[Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka]
Sri Lanka (Tamil) இலங்கை
(Ilaṅkai)
இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோஷலிசக் குடியரசு
(Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Čōšaličak Kuṭiyaraču)
[Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka]
Syria سورية
(Sūrīyâ)
الجمهورية العربية السورية
al-Ǧumhūrīyâ al-ʿArabīyâ as-Sūrīyâ
[Syrian Arab Republic]
Tajikistan Тоҷикистон
(Tojikiston)
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
(Jumhurii Tojikiston)
[Republic of Tajikistan]
Thailand ประเทศไทย
(Prathēt tai)
ราชอาณาจักรไทย
(Ratchaanachak tai)
[Kingdom of Thailand]
Timor-Leste (East Timor) Timor-Leste
Timor Lorosa'e
Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
República Democrática de Timor-Leste
[Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste]
Turkey Türkiye
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
[Republic of Turkey]
Turkmenistan Туркменистан (Turkmenistan)
UAE الامارات
(al-Imārāt)
دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة
(Dawlât al-Imārāt al-ʿArabīyâ al-Muttaḥidâ)
[United Arab Emirates]
Uzbekistan Ўзбекистон
O'zbekiston
Ўзбекистон Республикасй
O'zbekiston Respublikasi
[Republic of Uzbekistan]
Vietnam Việt Nam
Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
[Socialist Republic of Vietnam]
Yemen اليمن
(al-Yaman)
الجمهوريّة اليمنية
(al-Ǧumhūrīyâ al-Yamanīyâ)
[Republic of Yemen]

Other continents

Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America

Note on Iran/Persia

Until 1935, the official name of the country currently known as Iran was Persia, though the Persian people have called their country Iran since the Sassanid period (226 - 651 AD). There's further discussion about this at Wikipedia

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Sources

http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/
http://www.geonames.de

The recordings of the Arabic names of countries are by Zein Al-A'bideen Ayyoubi.

Multilingual pages

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