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Khün (ᨴᩱ᩠ᨿᨡᩨ᩠ᨶ)

Khün is a member of the southwesetern Tai branch of the Kra-Dai or Tai-Kaidai language family. It is spoken in mainly eastern Myanmar, and also in southern China, northern Laos and northern Thailand by about 116,880 people.

In Myanmar Khün is spoken in the Kentung area (ကျိုင်းတုံ) of eastern Shan state, and there were about 100,000 speakers in 1990. There were about 10,000 speakers of Khün in parts of Yunnan province in southern China in 1999. In Thailand there were abtou 6,280 Khün speakers in Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai provinces in 2000. In Luang Prabang Province of Laos there were about 600 Khün speakers in 2003.

Khün is also known as Tai Khün, Gon Shan, Hkun, Khuen, Khun Shan, Kengtung Dai or Kengtung-Hsipaw Shan. The native name for the language is ᨴᩱ᩠ᨿᨡᩨ᩠ᨶ [táj kʰɯ̌ːn]. It is closely related to Thai and Lao.

Khün has been written with a version of Tai Tham (Lanna) script since the 13th century. In Myanmar about 95% of male Khün speakers, and 50% of female Khün speakers can read and write their language. Most people learn to read and write Khün at their local temples in classes arranged by the Khuen Cultural and Literature Committee. There is also some instruction in families.

Khün alphabet

Khün alphabet

Notes

The Khün letters in the first row are in the high tone class, the ones in the second row are in the low tone class.

Details of the vowel and consonant diacritics can be found in this pdf, which was provided by Wolfram Siegel.

Download an alphabet chart for Khün (Excel)

Sample text

Sample text in Khün

Translation

Uncle Kaew and Auntie Kham Uhy have three children. The eldest child is called Jai Saeng, the middle one Jai Yort and the youngest Nang Daeng. They all three siblings together help their elderly parents by digging the field and ploughing the garden, collecting the vegetables and going to sell them in the city market. Then they buy rice, chillies and salt and bring them back to their parents' house like this every day without fail.

Source: A Description and Linguistic Analysis of the Tai Khuen Writing System

Sample videos in Khün

Links

Information about Khün language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khün_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kkh
https://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10524/52403/1/09_Owen2017description.pdf

Tai-Kaidai languages

Ahom, Bouyei, Dehong Dai, Kam, (Tai) Khün, Lanna, Lao, Lue, Shan, Sui, Tai Dam, Tai Ya, Thai, Zhuang


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