Cirth   Cirth

Cirth [ˈkirθ] was invented by J.R.R. Tolkien for use in his novels. It is modelled on the Anglo-Saxon Runic alphabet, and is used to write the language of the Dwarves (Khuzdul) in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings in inscriptions in wood and stone. It is also used as a alternative alphabet for English.

Internal history

In Tolkein's Middle-earth the Cirth script, or Certhas Daeron, is created by an elf called Daeron, the minstrel of king Thingol of Doriath. It was later expanded and became known as Angerthas Daeron. The Dwarves adopted Cirth to write their language, Khuzdul, as its straight lines were better suited to curving in hard surfaces than the more curved Tengwar letters. Cirth was used by some men and orcs.

Notable features

  • Type of writing system: alphabet
  • Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
  • The phonetic values of the letters vary for different languages
  • Dots are used to separate words
  • Used to write: Dwarfish (Khuzdul), Elvish, (Quenya and Sindarin), Orcish, English

Cirth

A chart showing the Cirth letters and their transliteration

Notes

  • Where letters have two transcriptions, the first is the older version and the second the newer
  • Letters with an asterisk are only used for Dwarvish
  • Letters in brackets are only used for Elvish

Sample text

Sample Cirth inscription

Translation (by Manosij Majumdar)

Balin son of Fundin Lord of Moria

Source: http://ring-lord.tripod.com/cirth/ex_moria2.htm

Links

Information about Cirth
http://ring-lord.tripod.com/cirth/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirth

Cirth Rune generator
http://derhobbit-film.de/rune_generator.shtml

Cirth fonts
http://www.acondia.com/fonts/cirth/index.html

More links to sites about Tolkien's alphabets and languages

Tolkien's alphabets and languages

Cirth | Sarati | Tengwar, Quenya & Sindarin) | Uruk Runes | Tolkien-related links | Books about Tolkien's invented languages | Tolkien's books in various languages

Fictional alphabets

Ancients' Alphabet, Ath, Atlantean, Aurek-Besh, Cirth, Daedric, D'ni, Dragon Runes, Futurama Alien Alphabet, Gargish, Gnommish, Golic Vulcan, Halo Covenant alphabet, Hylian syllabary (Old), Hylian syllabary (Modern), Hylian alphabet, Klingon, Kryptonian, Marain, Matoran, Romulan, Sarati, Standard Galactic Alphabet, Tsolyáni (Tékumel), Tenctonese, Tengwar, Utopian, Visitor, Zentlardy


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Additional Info