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Quenya Quenya

Quenya is a language invented by J.R.R. Tolkien and used in his books, including The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Quenya is also known as Qenya or High-Elven, and its grammar is similar to Finnish, and also has similarities to Greek and Latin. The phonology is based on Finnish, with lesser influences from Latin, Italian and Spanish. Tolkien complied the "Qenya Lexicon", his first list of Elvish words, in 1915 at the age of 23 and continued to refine the language throughout his life.

Within Tolkien's Middle Earth, Quenya is the most prominent language of the Amanya branch of the Elvish language family.

Tengwar script Tengwar

Tolkien also created a number of different alphabets to write his languages - Tengwar, or Feanorian letters, is the one which appears most frequently in his work, and is used to write Quenya, and other languages he invented, such as Sindarin and Black Speech. It has can also be used to write English and other languages.

Notable features

Tengwar: Quenya mode

Consonants
Quenya consonants

Quenya vowels

Notes

Punctuation

Quenya punctuation

Sources: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Quenya/Tengwar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tengwar

Numerals

Tengwar numerals

Source: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Neo-Quenya/Numerals

Sample text

Sample text in Quenya (Namárië. Altariello Nainië Lóriendessë / Farewell. Galadriel's Lament in Lorien)

Namárië. Altariello Nainië Lóriendessë

Ai! laurië lantar lassi súrinen,
yéni únótimë ve rámar aldaron!
Yéni ve lintë yuldar avánier
mi oromardi lissë-miruvóreva
Andúnë pella, Vardo tellumar
nu luini yassen tintilar i eleni
ómaryo airetári-lírinen.

Sí man i yulma nin enquantuva?

An sí Tintallë Varda Oiolossëo
ve fanyar máryat Elentári ortanë
ar ilyë tier undulávë lumbulë
ar sindanóriello caita mornië
i falmalinnar imbë met,
ar hísië untúpa Calaciryo míri oialë.
Sí vanwa ná, Rómello vanwa, Valimar!
Namárië! Nai hiruvalyë Valimar!
Nai elyë hiruva! Namárië!

Translation

Farewell. Galadriel's Lament in Lorien

Ah! like gold fall the leaves in the wind,
long years numberless as the wings of trees!
The long years have passed like swift draughts
of the sweet mead in lofty halls
beyond the West, beneath the blue vaults of Varda
wherein the stars tremble
in the voice of her song, holy and queenly.

Who now shall refill the cup for me?

For now the Kindler, Varda, the Queen of the stars,
from Mount Everwhite has uplifted her hands like clouds
and all paths are drowned deep in shadow;
and out of a grey country darkness lies
on the foaming waves between us,
and mist covers the jewels of Calacirya for ever.
Now lost, lost to those of the East is Valimar!
Farewell! Maybe thou shalt find Valimar!
Maybe even thou shalt find it! Farewell!

Sources: http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/namarie.htm
http://www.elvenesse.net/texts/namarie.php

Download script charts for Tengwar (Quenya mode) (Excel)

Links

Information about Quenya and Tengwar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quenya
http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/quenya.htm
http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qcourse.htm
http://lotr.wikia.com/wiki/Quenya
https://quenya101.com/elvish-course/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tengwar
http://lotr.wikia.com/wiki/Tengwar
http://tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Tengwar
http://at.mansbjorkman.net/tengwar.htm

Tolkien's books in various languages
Books about Tolkien's invented languages

Tengwar pages

Tengwar for Quenya, Sindarin, Arabic, English, High Valyrian, Hungarian, Icelandic, Portugese, Scottish Gaelic (1), Scottish Gaelic (2), Spanish, Latin American Spanish, Welsh

Tolkien's alphabets and languages

Cirth | Sarati | Tengwar for Quenya | Tengwar for Sindarin | Uruk Runes | Quenya phrases | Tolkien-related links | Books about Tolkien's invented languages | Tolkien's books in various languages

Fictional alphabets


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