Ancient North Arabian is the collective name for a group of scripts, and possibly a language or group of languages, that were used in north and central Arabia and southern Syria from about the 8th Century BC until the 4th century AD. It is thought that the Ancient North Arabic scripts developed from, or shared a common ancestor with the Ancient South Arabian script.
Varieties of Ancient North Arabian scripts, and possibly languages, include:
Dadanitic, which was used in in the oasis of Dadan in what is now the northwest of Saudi Arabia. It had the most developed scribal tradition.
Dumaitic, which was used in the oasis formerly known as Dūma (now Dumat Al-Jandal and al-Jawf) in northern Saudi Arabia.
Hasaitic, which appears in inscriptions in the oasis of Al-Hasa in the northeast of Saudi Arabia and a few other places.
Hismaic, which is known from inscriptions carved mainly by nomads in the Ḥismā desert in southern Jordan and northwestern Saudi Arabia.
Safaitic, which was used by nomads in the deserts of southern Syria, northeastern Jordan, and northern Saudi Arabia. It also appears in texts from western Iraq, Lebanon and Pompei in Italy.
Taymanitic, which was used in the oasis of Tayma in the northwestern Saudi Arabia.
Thamudic - this name is used to refer to inscriptions in uncatagorized and unnamed found between southern Syria and Yemen.
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