Aramaic / Paleo-Hebrew


The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet was used between about 1,000 BC and 135 AD to write Ancient Hebrew in the Biblical regions of Israel and Judah. It developed from the Proto-Canaanite script, which was used in Canaan (the Levant) during the Late Bronze Age. Paleo-Hebrew is also known as the Proto-Hebrew or Old Hebrew script.

The earliest known inscription in Paleo-Hebrew was found on a wall in Tel Zayit in the Beth Guvrin Valley in southern Israel in 2005. It dates from about the 10th century BC. By the 6th century BC the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet was gradually replaced by the Imperial Aramaic alphabet, which developed into the Hebrew square script. The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet continued to be used for some texts of the Toarh, and also on coins, until the 2nd century AD.

Notable features

Paleo-Hebrew alphabet

Paleo-Hebrew alphabet

Download an alphabet chart for Paleo-Hebrew (Excel)

Sample text

Sample text in the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet



Information about Paleo-Hebrew

Consonant alphabets (Abjads)

Ancient Berber, Arabic, Aramaic, Chorasmian, Elymaic, Hatran, Hebrew, Manichaean, Nabataean, North Arabian, Pahlavi, Palmyrene, Parthian, Phoenician, Paleo-Hebrew, Proto-Sinaitic / Proto-Canaanite, Psalter, Punic, Sabaean, Samaritan, Sogdian, South Arabian, Syriac, Tifinagh, Ugaritic

Other writing systems

Page last modified: 14.04.24


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