Phoenician/Canaanite   Phoenician (Kana'nīm)

The Phoenician alphabet developed from the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, during the 15th century BC. Before then the Phoenicians wrote with a cuneiform script. The earliest known inscriptions in the Phoenician alphabet come from Byblos and date back to 1000 BC.

The Phoenician alphabet was perhaps the first alphabetic script to be widely-used - the Phoenicians traded around the Mediterraean and beyond, and set up cities and colonies in parts of southern Europe and North Africa - and the origins of most alphabetic writing systems can be traced back to the Phoenician alphabet, including Greek, Etruscan, Latin, Arabic and Hebrew, as well as the scripts of India and East Asia.

Notable features

Used to write

Phoenician, a Northern Semitic language which originated in about the 11th century BC in what is now Lebannon, Syria and Israel, an area then known as Pūt in Phoenician and Ancient Egyptian, Canaan in Biblical Hebrew, Old Arabic and Aramaic, and Φοινίκη (Phoiníkē) / Phoenicia in Greek and Latin.

Phoenician spread around the Mediterranean, particularly to Tunisia, southern parts of the Iberian peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal), Malta, southern France and Sicily, and was spoken until the 2nd century AD.

A variant of Phoenician, known as Punic, was spoken in Carthage, a Phoencian colony in what is now Tunisia, until the 6th century AD.

The native name for the language was (𐤃𐤁𐤓𐤌) 𐤐𐤍𐤍𐤌 \ 𐤊𐤍𐤀𐤍𐤌 ((dabari-m) Pōnnīm / Kana'nīm), which means "Punic/Canaanite (speech)"

Phoenician alphabet

Phoenician Alphabet

Download an alphabet chart for Phoenician (Excel)

Sample text

𐤊𐤋 𐤀𐤃𐤌 𐤍𐤋𐤃 𐤇𐤓𐤌 𐤅𐤔𐤅𐤉𐤌 𐤁𐤉𐤒𐤓 𐤅𐤑𐤃𐤒𐤌𐤟𐤅𐤄𐤌𐤕 𐤍𐤕𐤍 𐤉𐤁𐤍 𐤅𐤉𐤔𐤓𐤕 𐤅𐤇𐤉𐤁 𐤀𐤋𐤉𐤄𐤌 𐤍𐤄𐤂 𐤁𐤓𐤇 𐤀𐤇𐤕

Transliteration

Kūl ʾadōm nalodu ḥurim wu-šāwyim bī-yeqar wu-ṣedeqim. Wu-himūt natonu yabana wu-yāšarat, wu-ḥayobu ʾalayhem nehūg bī-rūḥ ʾaḥīt.

Sample text provided by Aram Nersesian

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample video in Phoenician

Information about Phoenician | Numbers

Links

Information about the Phoenician alphabet and language
http://phoenicia.org/alphabet.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenician_alphabet
http://near-eastern-history.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_phoenician_alphabet
http://www.phoenician.org/alphabet.htm

Download a Phoenican font

About Phoenica
http://phoenicia.org

ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical & medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham, Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, Linear B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform: http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042/alphabet.html

Consonant alphabets (Abjads)

Ancient Berber, Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew, Manichaean, Nabataean, Pahlavi, Parthian, Phoenician, Paleo-Hebrew, Proto-Sinaitic / Proto-Canaanite, Psalter, Punic, Sabaean, Samaritan, Sogdian, South Arabian, Syriac, Tifinagh, Ugaritic

Other writing systems

Semitic languages

Akkadian, Amharic, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Bedawi), Arabic (Chadian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Gulf), Arabic (Hassaniya), Arabic (Hejazi), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Najdi), Arabic (Syrian), Aramaic, Argobba, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Canaanite, Chaha, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Ge'ez, Hadhramautic, Harari, Hebrew, Himyaritic, Jewish Neo-Aramaic, Maltese, Mandaic, Nabataean, Neo-Mandaic, Phoenician, Punic, Qatabanic, Sabaean, Sabaic, Silt'e, Syriac, Tigre, Tigrinya, Turoyo, Ugaritic, Western Neo-Aramaic

Page last modified: 22.09.22

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