Tagalog (abakada)

Tagalog

Tagalog is an Austronesian language with about 57 million speakers in the Philippines, particularly in Manila, central and southern parts of Luzon, and also on the islands of Lubang, Marinduque, and the northern and eastern parts of Mindoro. Tagalog speakers can also be found in many other countries, including Canada, Guam, Midway Islands, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, UK and USA.

Tagalog used to be written with the Baybayin alphabet, which probably developed from the Kawi script of Java, Bali and Sumatra, which in turn descended from the Pallava script, one of the southern Indian scripts derived from Brahmi. Today the Baybayin alphabet is used mainly for decorative purposes and the Latin alphabet is used to write to Tagalog.

The name Tagalog derives from tagá-ílog, which means "resident beside the river". Little is known of the history of the language before the arrival of the Spanish in the Philippines during the 16th century as no eariler written materials have been found.

The earliest known book in Tagalog is the Doctrina Cristiana (Christian Doctrine) which was published in 1593. It was written in Spanish and Tagalog, with the Tagalog text in both Baybayin and the Latin alphabet.

Notable features

The Baybayin alphabet

Baybayin alphabet

Latin alphabet for Tagalog
A a B b K k D d E e G g H h I i L l M m
a ba ka da e ga ha i la ma
N n Ng ng O o P p R r S s T t U u W w Y y
na nga o pa ra sa ta u wa ya

Hear the Tagalog alphabet at:
http://www.tagaloglang.com/abakada.htm

Pronunciation

Tagalog pronunciation

Notes

Sample text in the Baybayin alphabet

Sample text in Taglog in the Baybayin script

Sample text in the Latin alphabet

Ang lahat ng tao'y isinilang na malaya at pantay-pantay sa karangalan at mga karapatan. Sila'y pinagkalooban ng katwiran at budhi at dapat magpalagayan ang isa't isa sa diwa ng pagkakapatiran.

Hear a recording of this text

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Tagalog | Tagalog phrases | Numbers in Tagalog | Tower of Babel in Tagalog | Tagalog learning materials

Links

Information about the Tagalog language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagalog
http://www.towerofbabelfish.com/language-resources/learn-tagalog/
http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/tagalog_mainpage.htm

Online Tagalog lessons
http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/
http://www.tagalog1.com/Index_Lessons.jsp
http://www.tagaloglang.com
https://learningtagalog.com/grammar
https://www.glovico.org/en/tagalog

Online Tagalog dictionary
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Tagalog Translators
http://www.tagalogtranslator.nl
http://home.planet.nl/~roosiedb/tagtrans3/tagtrans3.html

Tagalog Electronic talking dictionaries
http://www.ectaco.com

Information about Philippine history, language and scripts
http://www.mts.net/~pmorrow/
http://www.eaglescorner.com/baybayin/
http://www.paradisephilippines.ph/2007/12/24/alibata-filipinos-ancient-writing-script/
http://www.bibingka.com/dahon/


An Introduction to Baybayin

An Introduction to Baybayin

by Christian Cabuay

An introduction to the Baybayin script, which shows the script in various styles.

Buy from: Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk


Malayo-Polynesian languages

Acehnese, Ajië, Aklan, Anutan, Balinese, Batak, Bikol, Bugis, Buhid, Bushi, Cebuano, Cham, Chamorro, Chuukese, Cia-Cia, Cuyonon, Dawan, Drehu, Fijian, Filipino, Futunan, Hanuno'o, Hawaiian, Hiligaynon, Iban, Iloko, Indonesian, Javanese, Kadazandusun, Kapampangan, Kiribati, Madurese, Makasarese, Malagasy, Malay, Mandar, Maori, Maranao, Marshallese, Minangkabau, Moriori, Nauruan, Ndrumbea, Nias, Paamese, Paicî, Palauan, Pangasinan, Pohnpeian, Raga, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rejang, Rotuman, Sakao, Samoan, Central Sinama, Sundanese, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tahitian, Tausūg, Tetum, Tokelauan, Tongan, Toraja-Sa'dan, Tuvaluan, Waray-Waray, Xârâcùù, Yapese,

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Badaga, Balinese, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Chakma, Cham, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dives Akuru, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gondi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanuno'o, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kannada, Kharosthi, Khmer, Khojki, Kulitan, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Malayalam, Manpuri, Modi, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Mro, New Tai Lue, Oriya, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Tulu, Varang Kshiti


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