Numbers in Dupaningan

How to count in Dupaningan, a Philippine language spoken in Cagayan and Isabela provinces in northern Luzon in the Philippines.

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Numeral Cardinal numbers Ordinal numbers
1 essa palungo
2 duwa make-duwa
3 tallo make-tallo
4 appat make-appat
5 lima meka-liima
6 annam make-annam
7 pitu make-pitu
8 walu make-walu
9 siyam make-siyam
10 mapulu make-mapulu
11 mapulu ha essa  
12 mapulu ha duwa  
13 mapulu ha tallo  
14 mapulu ha appat  
15 mapulu ha lima  
16 mapulu ha annam  
17 mapulu ha pitu  
18 mapulu ha walu  
19 mapulu ha siyam  
20 duwapulu  
21 duwapulu ha essa  
22 duwapulu ha duwa  
23 duwapulu ha tallo  
24 duwapulu ha appat  
25 duwapulu ha lima  
26 duwapulu ha annam  
27 duwapulu ha pitu  
28 duwapulu ha walu  
29 duwapulu ha siyam  
30 tallu pulu  
40 appat a pulu  
50 lima a pulu  
60 annam a pulu  
70 pitu a pulu  
80 walu a pulu  
90 siyam a pulu  
100 magatu  
200 duwagatu  
300 tallugatu  
400 appat a gatu  
500 lima a gatu  
600 annam a gatu  
700 pitu a gatu  
800 walu a gatu  
900 siyam a gatu  
1,000 maribu  
2,000 duwaribu  
3,000 talluribu  
4,000 appat a ribu  
5,000 lima a ribu  
6,000 annam a ribu  
7,000 pitu a ribu  
8,000 walu a ribu  
9,000 siyam a ribu  
one each tag-issa  
two each tag-duwa  
three each tag-tallo  


The numbers one through nine are all monomorphemic. After that, numbers are in groups of ten with the formative pulu, in groups of hundreds with the formative gatu, and in groups of thousands with the formative ribu.

If there is just one group of ten, hundred, or thousand (i.e., ten, one hundred, and one thousand), then the formative is prefixed with ma-. For two or three groups, the words duwa (two) and tallu (three) are compounded with the formative. For groups of four to ten, the linker a is needed. In contrast, to add single numbers, the oblique marker ha is used. It is unclear why ha is used instead of the plural marker hidi.

Ordinal numbers are formed with the prefix make-.

Occasionally, the prefix meka- is used instead of make-, possibly under influence of Ilokano where the comparable prefix is mayka-.

Source: Lauru C. Robinson. Dupaningan Agta: Grammar, Vocabulary, and Texts. University of Hawaii. May 2008.

Information compiled by Wolfgang Kuhl

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Dupaningan | Numbers

Numbers in Philippine languages

Abellen, Agutaynen, Aklan, Balangao, Bantoanon, Bikol, Blaan, Bolinao, Bontoc, Bukid, Caluyanon, Capiznon, Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Cebuano, Cuyonon, Dupaningan, Gaddang, Gorontalo, Hiligaynon, Hanunó’o, Ibaloi, Ibanag, Ifugao, Iloko, Isnag, Itawis, Ivatan, Kagayanen, Kankanaey, Kinaray-a, Maguindanao, Mapun, Maranao, Masbateño, Matigsalug Manobo, Mongondow, Onhan, Pangasinan, Ratahan, Romblomanon, Surigaonon, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tagabawà, Tausūg, Tawbuid (Eastern), Tboli, Tondano, Waray-Waray, Western Subanon, Yami/Tao, Yogad

Numbers in other languages

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