Arapaho (Hinónoʼeitíít)

Arapaho is a Plains Algonquian language spoken mainly on the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming, and also in western Oklahoma in the USA. In 2007 there were thought to be about 1,000 speakers of Arapaho, which is also known as Arapahoe or Arrapahoe.

There are two main groups of Arapaho: the Nortern Arapaho, who live in Wyoming, and the Southern Arapaho, who live in Oklahoma with the Cheyenne. The Arapaho call themselves Hinono'eiteen ('our people').

Arapaho is closely related to Gros Ventre (Ahe/A'ananin) to the extent that the two languages are largely mutually comprehsible.

The Arapaho are currently working to revitalize their language among the younger members of their nation. The language has been taught in schools in Wyoming since the 1980s, and language summer camps are also held.

Northern Arapaho alphabet and pronuncation

Northern Arapaho alphabet and pronunciation


Download an Arapaho alphabet chart (Excel)

Sample texts in Arapaho

nííto’ ’eet’oo3íteenoo
hínee noowúúhu’ nihníí3oonou’u hínee nei3ébii Alonzo Moss
hínee noowuuhu’ nihwon 3i’okuutonou’u tih’oo3itee3i’ hínee noowunéno’ heesheenetíí3i’ nuhu’uunoh niis hinono’éítino’ heetebinouhúúni3i’
hoowúúhu’ woo3ééno’ he’niinosou heenetí3i’


First I'll tell a story.
I went down there to Oklahoma with my brother in law Alonzo Moss.
I went down there to be with them.
When the Oklahoma people tell how they've lost our language, they are pitiful.
There aren't many who still speak it.


Beisiihi' hineeniteeno' tohcebii'oo3i' beehni'iine'etii3i', beehnii3inou'u nuhu' neneehiisou'u niihenehiitoono noh bobooteenetiit. Heetnookohuusniini'iheti3i' wootii hiniito'eino hookoh niini'kokoh'u3ecoo3i' noh hee'eihi3i'.

Arapaho translation provided by a Magistri Arapaho Tutor


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample video in and about Arapaho

Information about Arapaho | Phrases | Numbers


Information about the Arapaho Language

A guide to learning the Arapaho language

Phrases in Arapaho

The Arapaho Project at the University of Colorado

Algonquian languages

Abenaki, Algonquin, Arapaho, Atikamekw, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree (East), Cree (Moose), Cree (Plains), Cree (Swampy), Cree (Woods), Fox, Innu (Montagnais), Kickapoo, Malecite-Passamaquoddy, Loup, Massachusett (Wampanoag), Menominee, Miami, Míkmaq, Mohegan, Mohican, Munsee, Narragansett, Naskapi, Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Ottawa, Penobscot, Powhatan, Potawatomi, Quiripi, Sauk, Shawnee, Unami (Lenape)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 23.04.21


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