Naskapi is a member of the Cree-Montagnais branch of the Algonquian language family. It is spoken by about 1,210 people in Canada, particularly in northern Quebec and in Newfoundland and Labrador.
There are two dialects of Naskapi: Eastern Naskapi (Mushua Innu, Natuashish) and Western Naskapi (Kawawachikamach). The Western dialect is spoken by about 900 people in Kawawachikamach (ᑲᐛᐛᒋᑲᒪᒡ / Kawâwâchikamach), a Naskapi/Iyiyiw First Nations reserve and community that is part of the Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach (ᓇᔅᑲᐱ ᐃᔪᒡ ᐅᑕ ᑲᐛᐛᒋᑲᒪᒡ / Naskapi Iyuch Uta Kawâwâchikamach), and is located in northeastern Quebec near the town of Schefferville.
Eastern Naskapi is spoken in Natuashish, an Innu community in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador that is home to the Mushuau Innu First Nation. It is located on the coast in the northeast of the province.
Naskapi is written with Eastern Cree syllabics in Quebec, and with the Latin alphabet in Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach (the "Nation" - originally known as the Naskapis de Schefferville Indian Band and later as the Naskapi Band of Quebec) is a First Nation with a population of approximately 750 registered Indians, who are also beneficiaries of the Northeastern Québec Agreement ("NEQA"). The majority reside in Kawawachikamach, Québec, located approximately 16 kilometres northeast of Schefferville. The village covers an area of approximately 40 acres and is situated on 16 square miles of Category IA-N land. There is ample room for expansion, whether for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes.
Information about Naskapi
Naskapi Community Website
Page last modified: 14.06.22
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