Fox (Meshkwahkihaki)

Fox, or Meskwaki, is an Algonquian language spoken by about 1,000 Fox (Meskwaki), Sauk (oθaakiiwaki) and Kickapoo (Kiikaapoa / Kiikaapoi) people in parts of Oklahoma, Kansas and Iowa in the USA. The three dialects are Fox, Sauk and Kickapoo, which some consider to be closely related though separate languages.

Fox is also known as Mesquakie, Meskwaki or Meshkwahkihaki. The native name is Meskwakiatoweni. Sauk is also known as Sac, and the native name is Thâkiwâtowêweni. The native name of Kickapoo is Kikapú.

The majority of Fox speakers are elderly or middle aged, There is a bilingual education program in the tribal school in the Meskwaki Settlement in Iowa.

Fox pronuncation

Fox pronunciation


The sound /θ/ is written th or θ

Sample videos in Fox

Information about Fox, Sauk and Kickapoo | Numbers in Sauk


Information about the Fox language and people

Fox (Meskwaki) legends

Algonquian languages

Abenaki, Algonquin, Arapaho, Atikamekw, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree (East), Cree (Moose), Cree (Plains), Cree (Swampy), Cree (Woods), Innu (Montagnais), Kickapoo, Malecite-Passamaquoddy, Fox, Loup, Massachusett (Wampanoag), Menominee, Miami, Míkmaq, Mohegan, Mohican, Munsee, Narragansett, Naskapi, Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Ottawa, Penobscot, Powhatan, Potawatomi, Quiripi, Shawnee, Unami (Lenape)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 18.06.22


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