Kapingamarangi (Kirinit)

Kapingamarangi is a Polynesian language spoken in Pohnpei state in the Federated States of Micronesia. In 1995 there were about 1,000 speakers of Kapingamarangi on Kapingamarangi atoll, and 2,000 speakers in the village of Pohnrakied on Pohnpei island. There are also some Kapingamarangi speakers on other nearby islands.

Kapingamarangi is taught in schools, and is widely used in the community, churches and literature. It is related to Nukuoro, Rarotongan, Samoan, Tuamotuan and Tahitian.

Written Kapingamarangi

Kapingamarangi was first documented in 1557 by Hernando de Grigalvan, a Spanish explorer. In 1914 a Japanese resident of Kapingamarangi atoll introduced a way to write the language based the on Japanese script, although this was never widely used. A way to write Kapingamarangi with the Latin alphabet and based on the Nukuoro orthography was developed in 1917 by a Nukuoro missionary. This was used until 1947, when Americans started to make changes to the spelling system. In 1974 a standard way to write the language was introduced in the Kapingamarangi Lexicon.

Kapingamarangi alphabet and pronunciation

Kapingamarangi alphabet and pronunciation

Notes

Download an alphabet chart for Kapingamarangi1 (Excel)

Sample text (The Lord's Prayer)

Di madau Damana dela i di langi, do ingoo gi dabuaahia, do Heenua King gi gila mai, do manawa gii gila i henuailala, gii hai be doo hai i di langi. Gaamai madau meegai gi humalia mai gi gimaadou dangi nei. Weedee madau ihala la gi daha, gii hai be gimaadou ala e dumaalia gi nia hala o digau ala ne hai mai gi gimaadou. Hudee dugu anga gimaadou gi nia hagamada. Dahia adu gimaadou gi daha mo nia huaidu. Idimaa, ni aau go do Heenua, di mogobuna, mo di madamada, gaa hana hua beelaa. Amen.

Source: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%ADngua_kapingamarangi

Sample video in and about Kapingamarangi

Information about Kapingamarangi | Numbers | Tower of Babel

Links

Information about the Kapingamarangi languages
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapingamarangi_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kpg/
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv9zckhc

Kapingamarangi talking dictionary http://talkingdictionary.swarthmore.edu/kapingamarangi/

Polynesian languages

Anutan, Emae, Futuna-Aniwa, Futunan, Hawaiian, Kapingamarangi, Mangareva, Maori, Mele-Fila, Moriori, Niuafoʻou, Niuean, Nukuoro, Nukuria, Ontong Java, Penrhyn, Pukapukan, Rakahanga-Manihiki, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rennellese, Samoan, Sikaiana, Tahitian, Takuu, Tikopia, Tokelauan, Tongan, Tuvaluan, Vaeakau-Taumako, Wallisian

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 23.04.21


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