Pukapukan (Te leo Wale)

Pukapukan is a Polynesian language spoken in the islands of Pukapuka and Nassau in the northern Cook Islands, and also in Rarotonga, New Zealand and Australia. According to the 2011 census, there are about 450 speakers of Pukapukan in Pukapuka, 70 in Nassau, 200 in Rarotonga, and 2,400 elsewhere, mainly in New Zealand and Australia.

Pukapukan is also known as Pukapuka, Bukabukan or te leo Wale ("the language of Home"). It is quite closely related to Samoan.

Pukapukan is used by almost everyone on Pukapuka as an everyday language. It also taught in schools. A grammar of the language was published in 2003, and a translation of the New Testament of the Bible will be published in 2019.

Pukapukan alphabet and pronunciation

Pukapukan alphabet and pronunciation

Long vowels are indicated by a macron (ā).

Download an alphabet chart for Pukapukan (Excel)

Sample videos in and about Pukapukan

Information about Pukapukan | Numbers


Information about Pukapukan

Polynesian languages

Anutan, Austral, Emae, Futuna-Aniwa, Futunan, Hawaiian, Kapingamarangi, Mangareva, Māori, Marquesan (North), Marquesan (South), Mele-Fila, Moriori, Niuafoʻou, Niuatoputapu-Tafahi, Niuean, Nukumanu, Nukuoro, Nukuria, Ontong Java, Penrhyn, Pukapukan, Rakahanga-Manihiki, Rapa, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rennellese, Samoan, Sikaiana, Tahitian, Takuu, Tikopia, Tokelauan, Tongan, Tuamotuan, Tuvaluan, Vaeakau-Taumako, Wallisian, West Uvean

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 02.03.22


Green Web Hosting - Kualo

Why not share this page:


The Fastest Way to Learn Japanese Guaranteed with JapanesePod101.com

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.


Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.

Get a 30-day Free Trial of Amazon Prime (UK)