Pukapukan is a Polynesian language spoken in the islands of Pukapuka and Nassau in the northern Cook Islands, and also in Rarotonga, New Zealand and Australia. According to the 2011 census, there are about 450 speakers of Pukapukan in Pukapuka, 70 in Nassau, 200 in Rarotonga, and 2,400 elsewhere, mainly in New Zealand and Australia.
Pukapukan is also known as Pukapuka, Bukabukan or te leo Wale ("the language of Home"). It is quite closely related to Samoan.
Pukapukan is used by almost everyone on Pukapuka as an everyday language. It also taught in schools. A grammar of the language was published in 2003, and a translation of the New Testament of the Bible will be published in 2019.
Long vowels are indicated by a macron (ā).
Page last modified: 02.03.22
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