Tongan (lea faka-Tonga)

Tongan is a member of the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages spoken mainly in Tonga, where it is the official language. In 2017 there were about 106,000 Tongan speakers in Tonga. Tongan is also spoken in New Zealand by about 31,800 people, in the USA by about 31,400 people, in Australia by about 17,700, and also in Amerian Samoa and Fiji.

Tongan closely related to Niuean, Wallisian and Samoan.

Tongan was first written by missionaries in the early 19th century using a number of different spelling systems. The first book in Tongan was a grammar and dictionary of the Tongan language published in 1817 by William Mariner. The current system was promulgated by the Privy Council of Tonga in 1943. There are a number of weekly and monthly newspapers in Tongan, and some books and translations of religious works, such as The Bible.

Tongan alphabet (Ko e Lau ‘Ā faka-Tonga / Alafapeti Faka-Tonga)

Tongan alphabet and pronunciation

Notes

Download an alphabet chart for Tongan (Excel)

Hear how to pronounce Tongan:

Sample text in Tongan

Ko e kotoa 'o ha'a tangata 'oku fanau'i mai 'oku tau'ataina pea tatau 'i he ngeia mo e ngaahi totonu. Na'e fakanaunau'i kinautolu 'aki 'a e 'atamai mo e konisenisi pea 'oku totonu ke nau feohi 'i he laumalie 'o e nofo fakatautehina.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Tongan

Information about Tongan | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel

Links

Information about Tongan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tongan_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ton

Online Tongan lessons
http://www.unilang.org/course.php?res=81
http://www.digitaldialects.com/Tongan.htm

Tongan phrases
http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g294141-s604/Tonga:Important.Phrases.html
http://www.tongaturismo.info/dizionar.htm
http://www.mightyverse.com/en/languages/Tongan

Online Tongan dictionary
http://www.tongantranslator.com

News from Tonga (in Tongan and English)
http://www.planet-tonga.com

Online Tongan Radio
http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/tongan/
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/audio.php

Polynesian languages

Anutan, Emae, Futuna-Aniwa, Futunan, Hawaiian, Kapingamarangi, Mangareva, Maori, Mele-Fila, Moriori, Niuafoʻou, Niuean, Nukuoro, Nukuria, Ontong Java, Penrhyn, Pukapukan, Rakahanga-Manihiki, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rennellese, Samoan, Sikaiana, Tahitian, Takuu, Tikopia, Tokelauan, Tongan, Tuvaluan, Vaeakau-Taumako, Wallisian

Languages written with the Latin alphabet


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