Turoyo is an Eastern Aramaic language spoken in Mardin Province in southeastern Turkey and in Al-Hasakah and Qamishli in northeastern Syria. In 2017 there were about 250,000 speakers of Turoyo, which is also known as Surayt. It has some mutual intelligibility with Assyrian Neo-Aramaic and Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, though not with Western Neo-Aramaic.
Turoyo was first written in the 16th century with the Syriac alphabet. A way of writing the language with the Latin alphabet was developed in the 1970s by Yusuf Ishaq in Sweden. The orthographies shown below were agreed on at the International Surayt Conference in Cambridge in August 2015. The standard Latin alphabet for Turoyo is used in Sweden. Elsewhere, people use the Syriac alphabet, or the Latin alphabet with non-standard spelling systems.
Akkadian, Amharic, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Hassaniya), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Syrian), Aramaic, Argobba, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Canaanite, Chaha, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Ge'ez, Hadhramautic, Harari, Hebrew, Himyaritic, Jewish Neo-Aramaic, Maltese, Mandaic, Nabataean, Neo-Mandaic, Phoenician, Punic, Qatabanic, Sabaean, Sabaic, Silt'e, Syriac, Tigre, Tigrinya, Turoyo, Ugaritic, Western Neo-Aramaic
Page last modified: 02.09.21
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