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Coptic (ⲘⲉⲧⲢⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ)

The Coptic alphabet is variant of the Greek alphabet containing a number of extra letters for sounds not found in Greek. The extra letters come from the Demotic form of the Egyptian script. The Coptic alphabet came into being during the 3rd century BC after the Greek conquest of Egypt and the subsequent spread of Christianity.

The name 'Coptic' derives from the Greek word for Egyptian: Aigyptioi which became Qibt in Arabic and then was Latinised to become Copt

Used to write

Coptic, a member of the Egyptian branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family and a descendant of the Ancient Egyptian language. Coptic was an official language in Egypt until around the 13th Century AD, when it was replaced by Arabic. Nowadays Coptic Christians all speak Arabic as their every day language, but use Coptic in their religious ceremonies.

Coptic alphabet

Coptic alphabet

Notes

  • veeta = [b] at the beginning of a word, [v] elsewhere.
  • ghamma = [ŋ] after a double seema, [g] elsewhere.
  • delta = [d] in names, [ð] elsewhere.
  • tav = [d] after nei, [t] elsewhere.
  • epsilon = [v] after alpha or ei, [u] after short o, [ɪ] elsewhere.
  • jinkim splits words into separate syllables when attached to the letter ei and followed by a consonant

Source: http://www.copticchurch.net/coptic_fonts/alphabet.html

Numerals

Coptic numerals

Sample text

Coptic sample

Tower of Babel in Coptic

Links

About the Copts and the Coptic language
http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/papyrus/texts/coptic/introduction.html
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/copticchristians.htm

The Coptic Studies Corner
http://www.stshenouda.com

Coptic lessons
http://www.stshenouda.com/coptlang/cptlsn1w.htm
http://heh.pl/&pj
http://st-takla.org/Learn_Languages/01_Learn_Coptic-ta3leem-2ebty/Learn-Coptic_00-index_El-Fehres.html

Coptic fonts
http://www.copticchurch.net/coptic_fonts/
http://www.stshenouda.com/coptsoft.htm

Masters Degree in Coptic Studies at Macquarie University
http://www.coptic.org.au/modules/coptic_studies/

Coptic Churches
http://www.copticchurch.net
http://st-takla.org

ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical & medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham, Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, Linear B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform: http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042/alphabet.html

Egyptian languages

Ancient Egyptian, Coptic

Ancient Egyptian scripts

Hieroglyphs, Hieratic, Demotic, Coptic

Alphabets

Armenian, Avestan, Bassa (Vah), Beitha Kukju, Borama / Gadabuursi, Carian, Carpathian Basin Rovas, Chinuk pipa, Coorgi-Cox, Coptic, Cyrillic, Dalecarlian runes, Elbasan, Etruscan, Galik, Georgian (Asomtavruli), Georgian (Nuskhuri), Georgian (Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek, Irish (Uncial), Kaddare, Khazarian Rovas, Korean, Latin, Leptonic, Lycian, Lydian, Manchu, Meroïtic, Mongolian, N'Ko, Ogham, Old Church Slavonic, Oirat Clear Script, Old Italic, Old Permic, Orkhon, Phrygian, Pollard script, Runic, Santali, Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), Somali (Osmanya), Sutton SignWriting, Tai Lue, Thaana, Todhri, Uyghur


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