Székely-Hungarian Rovás, which are also known as Hungarian Runes,
are thought to have descended from the Turkic script
(Kök Turki) used in Central Asia, though some scholars believe
the Székely-Hungarian Rovás pre-date the Turkic script. They were used
by the Székler Magyars in Hungary until the 11th century.
In remote parts of Transylvania however, the runes were still
used up until the 1850s. During the 20th century there was a revival of
interest in the alphabet.
- Type of writing system: alphabet.
- Usually written on sticks in boustrophedon style (alternating direction
right to left then left to right), although the right to left direction was
- There are separate letters for all the phonemes of Hungarian
and are in this respect better suited to written Hungarian than the
- Words were separated by three vertical dots.
- Ligatures were often used and sometimes an entire word was written with
a single sign.
- There are no lower or upper case letters, but the first letter of a
proper name was often written a bit larger.
- Vowels were sometimes not written, unless their omission would cause
- The consonants with (a) next to them were used before a, á,
o, ó, u and ú, while those with (e) next to them were used
before e, ë, é, i, í, ö, ő, ü, ű
- A number of separate symbols, known as capita dictionum or
the head of the words, were also used, though their usage is uncertain.
Used to write
Hungarian (Magyar), a Uralic language with about 15 million
speakers in Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine and Slovakia. There are
also many people of Hungarian origin in the UK and other European countries,
the USA, Canada and Australia.
Translation into Modern Hungarian
(Ezt) az Úr születése utáni 1501. évben írták. Mátyás, János, István
kovácsok csinálták. Mátyás mester (és) Gergely mester csinálták [uninterpretable].
(This) was written in the 1501st year of our Lord. The smiths Matthias,
John (and) Stephen did (this). Master Matthias (and) Master Gergely did
Feher Taltos Traditional Hungarian Drummers (Regélő Fehér Táltos)
Information about Székely-Hungarian Rovás
Runic and Rune-like scripts
Medieval (Latinised) Futhark,
Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes),
Turkic (Orkhon) Runes